Chad, Sudan sign peace agreement

DAKAR, Senegal, March 14 (UPI) -- Sudan and Chad have signed an agreement focused on ending five years of tension between the African countries.

Analysis: Chad eyes China role in conflict

UNITED NATIONS, March 14 (UPI) -- Rebel forces have attacked N'Djamena, the capital of Chad, twice in the past two years, and each time the world's eyes turned to Beijing.

103 kidnapped Chadian kids go home

N'DJAMENA, Chad, March 8 (UPI) -- More than 100 Chadian children caught up in a French child-smuggling operation will soon be reunited with their families, officials said.

Rebel leader asks Chad to keep refugees

KHARTOUM, Sudan, Feb. 12 (UPI) -- A rebel leader in Darfur asked the president of Chad to not return Sudanese refugees fleeing the conflict in western Darfur.

Analysis: Chad unrest may be over oil

Like the militant movement in neighboring Nigeria, Chad's armed rebels are also upset with how the country handles revenue from its oil industry, according to experts.
CARMEN GENTILE, UPI Energy Correspondent

Sudan accused of meddling in Chad

N'DJAMENA, Chad, Feb. 4 (UPI) -- The United States Monday asked Sudan to stay out of neighboring Chad's affairs and a Chadian general threatened to attack Sudan if it aids rebel forces.

Rebels descend on Chadian capital

N'DJAMENA, Chad, Feb. 3 (UPI) -- Rebel fighters supported by neighboring Sudan seized parts of the Chadian capital N'Djamena as French troops tried to maintain control Sunday, officials said.

Rebels reportedly fighting in Chad capital

N'DJAMENA, Chad, Feb. 2 (UPI) -- Hundreds of rebels were reportedly in the capital of Chad Saturday as a coalition of three insurgent groups pressured for the president's departure.

Analysis: EU forces depart for Chad

BRUSSELS, Jan. 31 (UPI) -- The European Union announced that 3,700 troops from 14 member states will be deployed to Chad and the Central African Republic to protect some 2 million refugees from the humanitarian crisis in the Sudanese region of Darfur that has claimed 200,000 lives.

Analysis: EU, NATO face copter shortage

BRUSSELS, Nov. 30 (UPI) -- NATO and the European Union are struggling to find the necessary helicopters to sustain their missions.

Attacks cancel U.S. visit by Chad's Deby

WASHINGTON, Nov. 27 (UPI) -- Attacks on Chadian troops protecting Darfur refugees have forced Chadian President Idriss Deby Itno to postpone a scheduled visit to the United States.

Seven released from Chad

D'JAMENA, Chad, Nov. 4 (UPI) -- Chad Sunday freed seven Europeans held for allegedly kidnapping children as French President Nicolas Sarkozy arrived to investigate the arrests.

Chad stops plan to fly children to France

PARIS, Oct. 29 (UPI) -- A French charity denied claims by Chad's government it was trying to fly 103 young children to France to sell them or kill them for organ transplants.

Chad peace agreement reported

N'DJAMENA, Chad, Oct. 5 (UPI) -- Several rebel groups have agreed to a provisional peace pact with the government of Chad, officials said.

U.N. plans for Chad include EU

UNITED NATIONS, Aug. 17 (UPI) -- U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said plans for a U.N. presence in Chad and the Central African Republic now include European Union forces.
Page 2 of 4
Idriss Deby

General Idriss Déby Itno (إدريس ديبي) (born 1952) is the President of Chad and the head of the Patriotic Salvation Movement. Déby is of the Bidayat clan of the Zaghawa ethnic group. He added "Itno" to his surname in January 2006.

Déby was born in Fada as the son of a herder. After finishing school he entered the Officers' School in N'Djamena. From there he was sent to France for training, returning to Chad in 1976 with a professional pilot certificate. He remained loyal to the army and to President Félix Malloum until central authority crumbled in 1979. Déby tied his fortunes to those of Hissène Habré, one of the chief Chadian warlords. A year after Habré became President in 1982, in exchange for his loyalty, Déby was made commander-in-chief of the army. He distinguished himself in 1984 by destroying pro-Libyan forces in Eastern Chad. In 1985 Habré removed him from his post and sent him to Paris to follow a course at the École de Guerre; on his return he was made chief military advisor to the Presidency. In 1987 he confronted Libyan forces on the field, adopting tactics that inflicted heavy losses to enemy forces. A rift emerged in 1989 between Habré and Déby over the increasing power of the Presidential Guard. Habré accused Déby of preparing a coup d'état, motivating Déby to flee to Libya. He moved to Sudan and formed the Patriotic Salvation Movement, an insurgent group, supported by Libya and Sudan, which started operations against Habré in October 1989. He unleashed a decisive attack on 10 November 1990, and on 2 December Déby's troops marched unopposed into the capital, N'Djaména.

After three months of provisional government, on 28 February 1991, a charter was approved for Chad with Déby as president. A new constitution was approved by referendum in March 1996, followed by a presidential election in June. Déby received first place in the first round but fell short of a majority; he was then elected president in the second round, held in July, with 69% of the vote. He was re-elected in the May 2001 presidential election, winning in the first round with 63.17% of the vote, according to official results, although international observers noted irregularities in the election process. In June 2005, a successful referendum was held to eliminate a two-term constitutional limit, which enabled Déby to run again in 2006. He was a candidate in the 2006 presidential election, held May 3, which was greeted with an opposition boycott. According to official results Déby won the election with 64.67% of the vote; this was revised downward from the initially announced result of 77.6%. Idriss Deby is currently ranked 17th on Parade Magazine’s 2009 World’s Worst Dictator list.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Idriss Deby."
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