Ida Lupino (4 February 1918 – 3 August 1995) was an Anglo-American film actress, director, and a pioneer among women filmmakers. In her forty-eight year career, she appeared in fifty-nine films, and directed nine others. She also appeared in episodic television fifty-eight times and directed fifty other episodes. In addition, she contributed as a writer to five films and four TV episodes.
Born into a family of performers, (father, Stanley Lupino, was a music-hall comedian; mother, Connie Emerald, an actress) Lupino was encouraged to enter show-business by both her parents and her uncle, Lupino Lane, Lupino made her first film appearance in 1931, in The Love Race, and worked for several years playing minor roles.
It was after her appearance in The Light That Failed in 1939 that Lupino was taken seriously as a dramatic actress. As a result, her parts improved during the 1940s and she began to describe herself as "the poor man's Bette Davis."