Ian Lancaster Fleming (28 May 1908 – 12 August 1964) was a British author, journalist and Naval Intelligence Officer (he is reputed to have been the designer of Operation Mincemeat and Operation Goldeneye which were carried out in the Second World War). Best known for his novels about the British spy James Bond. Fleming chronicled Bond's adventures in twelve novels and nine short stories, a literary output that has sold over 100 million copies worldwide, making it one of the most popular series of related novels of all time. Fleming also wrote the children's story Chitty Chitty Bang Bang and two works of non-fiction.
In 2008, The Times (of London) ranked Ian Fleming fourteenth on its list of "The 50 greatest British writers since 1945".
Ian Fleming was born in Mayfair, a wealthy district of London. His father was Valentine Fleming, a British Member of Parliament and his mother Evelyn St. Croix Rose. Fleming's elder brother Peter became a travel writer. He also had two younger brothers, Michael and Richard Fleming (1910–77) and an illegitimate half-sister, the cellist Amaryllis Fleming. Ian was a grandson of the Scottish financier Robert Fleming, who founded the Scottish American Investment Trust and the merchant bank Robert Fleming and Co (since 2000, part of JP Morgan Chase).