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SLP2000041402- 14 APRIL 2000- ST. LOUIS, MISSOURI, USA: The 1908 work of artist Henri Matisse, "Bathers With a Turtle," is being investigated by the St. Louis Art Museum after it was learned it is one of four pieces the museum has that was once owned by German Nazis, April 14. The work, stolen from German museums by the Nazis in the 1930's was auctioned to area art collectors in 1939.Museum director Brent Benjamin says the Nazis actually confiscated their own property but the museum would return or pay for pieces that can be traced to Nazi Germany. bg/Bill Greenblatt UPI
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Woman with a Hat (Madame Matisse), 1905 in museums:

Henri Matisse (French pronunciation: ; 31 December 1869 – 3 November 1954) was a French artist, known for his use of colour and his fluid and original draughtsmanship. He was a draughtsman, printmaker, and sculptor, but is known primarily as a painter. Matisse is commonly regarded, along with Picasso and Marcel Duchamp, as one of the three artists who helped to define the revolutionary developments in the plastic arts in the opening decades of the 20th century, responsible for significant developments in painting and sculpture. Although he was initially labelled a Fauve (wild beast), by the 1920s he was increasingly hailed as an upholder of the classical tradition in French painting. His mastery of the expressive language of colour and drawing, displayed in a body of work spanning over a half-century, won him recognition as a leading figure in modern art.

Henri-Émile-Benoît Matisse was born in Le Cateau-Cambrésis, Nord, France. He grew up in Bohain-en-Vermandois, Picardy, France, where his parents owned a flower business; he was their first son. In 1887 he went to Paris to study law, working as a court administrator in Le Cateau-Cambrésis after gaining his qualification. He first started to paint in 1889, after his mother brought him art supplies during a period of convalescence following an attack of appendicitis. He discovered "a kind of paradise" as he later described it, and decided to become an artist, deeply disappointing his father. In 1891, he returned to Paris to study art at the Académie Julian and became a student of William-Adolphe Bouguereau and Gustave Moreau. Initially he painted still-lifes and landscapes in a traditional style, at which he achieved reasonable proficiency. Matisse was influenced by the works of earlier masters such as Jean-Baptiste-Siméon Chardin, Nicolas Poussin, and Antoine Watteau, as well as by modern artists such as Édouard Manet, and by Japanese art. Chardin was one of Matisse's most admired painters; as an art student he made copies of four Chardin paintings in the Louvre.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Henri Matisse."