'Iron Lady' Margaret Thatcher dead at 87

'Iron Lady' Margaret Thatcher dead at 87

LONDON, April 8 (UPI) -- Margaret Thatcher, the conservative British prime minister known as the "Iron Lady," died Monday following a stroke, her spokesman said. She was 87.

An anniversary year

LONDON, April 1 (UPI) -- This is a great year for anniversaries, including the resignation of the British minister for war in an espionage scandal.
MARTIN WALKER, UPI Editor Emeritus

People in the news

The latest news on today's hottest celebrities ...
By United Press International
Book: Philip 'almost brutal' over name

Book: Philip 'almost brutal' over name

LONDON, Dec. 2 (UPI) -- Queen Elizabeth of Britain's refusal to take her husband's family name caused a 10-year rift in her marriage to Prince Philip, an upcoming biography says.

Saving slips in Britain to 1959 levels

LONDON, June 27 (UPI) -- The savings rate in Britain has declined to the lowest level since 1959, the government's Office for National Statistics said.

Britain left out in 1962 Cuban crisis

LONDON, April 3 (UPI) -- Newly declassified documents show British leaders were appalled the United States was prepared for nuclear war over Cuba in 1962 and didn't consult with them.

Center of '60s British scandal dies

LONDON, March 10 (UPI) -- Former Conservative Party minister John Profumo, forced from power in one of Britain's best-known Cold War-era political scandals, has died. He was 91.

BBC: Britain aided Israeli nuclear program

LONDON, March 10 (UPI) -- Britain sold Israel plutonium and heavy water in the 1960s, helping to kickstart its nuclear weapons program, the BBC reports.

British aristo dresses U.S. rapper

WASHINGTON, England, Dec. 3 (UPI) -- American rapper 50 Cent has added British aristocrat Dan Macmillan to his list of tailors.

Dubya as dream Democrat

WASHINGTON, Aug. 9 (UPI) -- Is George W. Bush the best Democratic president we have seen since Jimmy Carter? It seems that his Harvard and Yale education had more of a northeast liberal, elite effect on the young Dubya than is generally realized.
MARTIN SIEFF, UPI Senior News Analyst

Alternate History: 1943-A road not taken-1

WASHINGTON, Aug. 9 (UPI) -- This is an essay in alternate history, to suggest how, had random factors fallen differently, Britain's history in the gloomy 1945-79 period could have been ver
MARTIN HUTCHINSON, Business and Economics Editor

Faceoff: Wall Street blues

WASHINGTON, Aug. 2 (UPI) -- The recent wild fluctuations in the stock market and the collapse of several major corporations led to the passage of the Sarbanes-Oxley bill. What is the significance of this legislation? UPI National Political Analysts Jim Chapin and Peter Roff face o
JAMES CHAPIN and PETER ROFF, UPI National Political Analysts

Commentary:Jeffords, Arafat halt Bush push

NEW YORK, April 12 (UPI) -- Jim Jeffords and Yasser Arafat are not names one normally uses in the same sentence, but they do have in common their effect on the presidency of George Bush. J
JAMES B. CHAPIN, National Political Analyst

Review: II-- Social and structural upheaval

WASHINGTON, Feb. 1 (UPI) -- This is the second part of a six-part reflection and commentary on David Kynaston's "A Club no More" (Chatto and Windus, 888 pages, $43), the fourth and final v
MARTIN HUTCHINSON, UPI Business and Economics Editor

Review: I -- Governors and Chancellors

WASHINGTON, Jan. 31 (UPI) -- This is the first part of a six part review and commentary of David Kynaston's "A Club no More" (Chatto and Windus, 30 pounds ($43)), the fourth and final volume of his history of the City of London (the financial district) covering the period 1945-2000.
MARTIN HUTCHINSON, Business and Economics Editor

Maurice Harold Macmillan, 1st Earl of Stockton, OM, PC (10 February 1894 – 29 December 1986) was a British Conservative politician and Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 10 January 1957 to 18 October 1963.

Nicknamed 'Supermac' and known for his pragmatism, wit and unflappability, Macmillan achieved notoriety before the Second World War as a Tory radical and critic of appeasement. Rising to high office as a protegé of wartime Prime Minister Winston Churchill, he believed in the essential decency of the post-war settlement and the necessity of a mixed economy, and in his premiership pursued corporatist policies to develop the domestic market as the engine of growth. As a One Nation Tory of the Disraelian tradition, haunted by memories of the Great Depression, he championed a Keynesian strategy of public investment to maintain demand, winning a second term in 1959 on an electioneering budget. Benefiting from favourable international conditions, he presided over an age of affluence, marked by low unemployment and high if uneven growth. In his immortal Bedford speech of July 1957 he correctly told the nation they had 'never had it so good', but warned of the dangers of inflation, summing up the fragile prosperity of the 1950s.

In international affairs Macmillan rebuilt the special relationship with the United States from the wreckage of Suez, and redrew the world map by decolonising sub-Saharan Africa. Reconfiguring the nation's defences to meet the realities of the nuclear age, he ended National Service, strengthened the nuclear deterrent by acquiring Polaris, and pioneered the Nuclear Test Ban with the United States and the Soviet Union. Belatedly recognising the dangers of strategic dependence, he sought a new role for Britain in Europe, but his unwillingness to disclose United States nuclear secrets to France contributed to a French veto of the United Kingdom's entry into the European Economic Community.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Harold Macmillan."
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