The almanac

UPI Almanac for Friday, Sept. 28, 2012.
By United Press International

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Wednesday, Sept. 28, 2011.
By United Press International

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Sunday, Sept. 28, 2008.
By United Press International

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Friday, Sept. 28, 2007.
By United Press International

More protests at Jerusalem's Temple Mount

JERUSALEM, Feb. 10 (UPI) -- Jerusalem was relatively quiet, though there were more protests Saturday, during a two-day halt in construction near the Al-Aqsa Mosque on the Temple Mount.

The Almanac

Today is Thursday, Sept. 28, the 271st day of 2006 with 94 to follow.
By United Press International

The Almanac

Today is Wednesday, Sept. 28, the 271st day of 2005 with 94 to follow.
By United Press International

Jordan warns against attacking al-Aqsa

AMMAN, Jordan, April 9 (UPI) -- Jordan's religious authority Saturday warned against extremist Jews attacking al-Aqsa Mosque in east Jerusalem.

The Almanac

Today is Tuesday, Sept. 28, the 272nd day of 2004 with 94 to follow.
By United Press International

Jordan warns Israel on Islamic shrine

AMMAN, Jordan, July 25 (UPI) -- Jordan Sunday warned Israel against possible attacks by Jewish extremists on Jerusalem's al-Haram al-Sharif, one of Islam's holiest shrines.

Jerusalem police raid Temple Mount

JERUSALEM, Feb. 27 (UPI) -- Israeli police in riot gear stormed the square outside Jerusalem's al-Aqsa mosque, one of Islam's holiest sites, to disperse stone throwers.

The Almanac

Today is Sunday, Sept. 28, the 271st day of 2003 with 94 to follow.
By United Press International

Israel suspends visits to Muslim holy site

JERUSALEM, Aug. 2 (UPI) -- Israel has suspended visits by non-Muslims to a holy Muslim site in Jerusalem, the BBC reported Saturday.

The Almanac

Today is Saturday, Sept. 28, the 271st day of 2002 with 94 to follow.
By United Press International

View-counter-view: UPI looks at two sides

View: Ethnic cleansing as policy
Page 1 of 2
Haram al Sharif
Palestinians pray on the Temple Mount, the Haram al-Sharif, in the Old City of Jerusalem, August 31, 2008. Muslims are preparing for the holy month of Ramadan, which begins Monday. Muslims fast for the month by refraining from eating, drinking, sexual relations and smoking from dawn until sunset. (UPI Photo/Debbie Hill)

Al-Aqsa Mosque (Arabic:المسجد الاقصى, Arabic pronunciation: , al-Masjid al-Aqsa (help·info) translit: "the Farthest Mosque"), also known as al-Aqsa, is an Islamic holy place in the Old City of Jerusalem. The site that includes the mosque (along with the Dome of the Rock) is also referred to as al-Haram ash-Sharif or "Sacred Noble Sanctuary", a site also known as the Temple Mount, the holiest site in Judaism, the place where the First and Second Temples are generally accepted to have stood. Widely considered as the third holiest site in Islam, Muslims believe that Muhammad was transported from the Sacred Mosque in Mecca to al-Aqsa during the Night Journey. Islamic tradition holds that Muhammad led prayers towards this site until the seventeenth month after the emigration, when God ordered him to turn towards the Ka'aba.

According to Islamic belief, Jacob, son of Isaac, was the first to build the Mosque as a House of God. The Kaaba in Mecca was the first House of Worship to God, and the Masjid Al-Aqsa (Bayt Al-Maqdis) was the second. Originally built by Jacob and greatly expanded and renovated by King Solomon, the Mosque was destroyed twice.

The al-Aqsa Mosque was originally a small prayer house built by the Rashidun caliph Umar, but was rebuilt and expanded by the Ummayad caliph Abd al-Malik and finished by his son al-Walid in 705 CE. After an earthquake in 746, the mosque was completely destroyed and rebuilt by the Abbasid caliph al-Mansur in 754, and again rebuilt by his successor al-Mahdi in 780. Another earthquake destroyed most of al-Aqsa in 1033, but two years later the Fatimid caliph Ali az-Zahir built another mosque which has stood to the present-day. During the periodic renovations undertaken, the various ruling dynasties of the Islamic Caliphate constructed additions to the mosque and its precincts, such as its dome, facade, its minbar, minarets and the interior structure. When the Crusaders captured Jerusalem in 1099, they used the mosque as a palace and church, but its function as a mosque was restored after its recapture by Saladin. More renovations, repairs and additions were undertaken in the later centuries by the Ayyubids, Mamluks, Ottomans, the Supreme Muslim Council, and Jordan. Today, the Old City is under Israeli control, but the mosque remains under the administration of the Palestinian-led Islamic waqf.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Haram al Sharif."
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