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The almanac

UPI Almanac for Saturday, Feb. 15, 2014.
By United Press International

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Sunday, Aug. 25, 2013.
By United Press International

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Friday, Feb. 15, 2013.
By United Press International

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Saturday, Aug. 25, 2012.
By United Press International

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Wednesday, Feb. 15, 2012.
By United Press International

GPS rival Galileo satellites are launched

KOUROU, French Guiana, Oct. 21 (UPI) -- The first two satellites of Europe's Galileo navigation system, billed as the main rival to GPS, were launched Friday, the European Commission said.

Missing Galileo fingers discovered

FLORENCE, Italy, Nov. 23 (UPI) -- The director of a museum in Florence, Italy, said two fingers taken from Italian astronomer Galileo Galilei in 1737 have been rediscovered.

Galileo's telescope recreated

ROME, Feb. 25 (UPI) -- An Italian team of astronomers, scientists and historians says it has built a telescope using 17th-century astronomer Galileo Galilei's original design.
Pope opens conference on creation

Pope opens conference on creation

VATICAN CITY, Oct. 31 (UPI) -- Pope Benedict XVI cited Galileo as a scientist of deep religious faith as he opened a conference on creation Friday at the Vatican.

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Friday, Feb. 15, 2008.
By United Press International

The Almanac

UPI almanac for Thursday, Feb. 15, 2007.
By United Press International

U.S. physicist honored by Italian academy

BERKELEY, Calif., July 26 (UPI) -- U.S. astrophysicist Saul Perlmutter has been awarded the 2006 International Antonio Feltrinelli Prize in the physical and mathematical sciences.

The Almanac

Today is Wednesday, Feb. 15, the 46th day of 2006 with 319 to follow.
By United Press International

The Almanac

Today is Tuesday, Feb. 15, the 46th day of 2005 with 319 to follow.
By United Press International

Jupiter's Io solar system's hottest place

ST. LOUIS, June 14 (UPI) -- A U.S. scientist has calculated that the hottest place in the solar system outside of the sun is Jupiter's moon Io.
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Wiki

Galileo Galilei (Italian pronunciation: ; 15 February 1564 – 8 January 1642) was an Italian physicist, mathematician, astronomer, and philosopher who played a major role in the Scientific Revolution. His achievements include improvements to the telescope and consequent astronomical observations, and support for Copernicanism. Galileo has been called the "father of modern observational astronomy," the "father of modern physics," the "father of science," and "the Father of Modern Science." Stephen Hawking says, "Galileo, perhaps more than any other single person, was responsible for the birth of modern science."

The motion of uniformly accelerated objects, taught in nearly all high school and introductory college physics courses, was studied by Galileo as the subject of kinematics. His contributions to observational astronomy include the telescopic confirmation of the phases of Venus, the discovery of the four largest satellites of Jupiter (named the Galilean moons in his honour), and the observation and analysis of sunspots. Galileo also worked in applied science and technology, inventing an improved military compass and other instruments.

Galileo's championing of Copernicanism was controversial within his lifetime, when a large majority of philosophers and astronomers still subscribed (at least outwardly) to the geocentric view that the Earth is at the centre of the universe. After 1610, when he began publicly supporting the heliocentric view, which placed the Sun at the centre of the universe, he met with bitter opposition from some philosophers and clerics, and two of the latter eventually denounced him to the Roman Inquisition early in 1615. Although he was cleared of any offence at that time, the Catholic Church nevertheless condemned heliocentrism as "false and contrary to Scripture" in February 1616, and Galileo was warned to abandon his support for it—which he promised to do. When he later defended his views in his most famous work, Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems, published in 1632, he was tried by the Inquisition, found "vehemently suspect of heresy," forced to recant, and spent the rest of his life under house arrest.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Galileo Galilei."
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