François Hollande (born 12 August 1954) is a French politician. From 1997 to 2008, he was the First Secretary of the French Socialist Party. He is also a deputy from the département of Corrèze and the mayor of Tulle.
He was born in in Rouen, Seine-Maritime, and is a graduate of HEC, Institut d'Etudes Politiques de Paris (Sciences Po) and ENA, and his former profession was as councillor in the Court of Accounts.
In 2004, he took the position of 'yes' on the French referendum on the European Constitution, thus opposing number two of the party, Laurent Fabius. Hollande organised an internal vote on the party's position on December 1, in which representatives voted with 59% margin for 'yes', but the constitution was eventually defeated by the French public in May 2005.