The almanac

UPI Almanac for Tuesday, Dec. 4, 2012.
By United Press International

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Tuesday, Nov. 20, 2012.
By United Press International

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Tuesday, Oct. 30, 2012.
By United Press International

Spanish unemployment hits 24.6 percent

MADRID, July 27 (UPI) -- The Spanish government said Friday nearly a quarter of the country's workforce is out of work.
Powerful judge leads Assange legal team

Powerful judge leads Assange legal team

LONDON, July 25 (UPI) -- The judge who indicted Chilean ex-dictator Augusto Pinochet will lead a legal team for WikiLeaks and founder Julian Assange, the whistle-blowing Web site said.

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Tuesday, July 17, 2012.
By United Press International
Paraguay says neighbors plotting its diplomatic isolation

Paraguay says neighbors plotting its diplomatic isolation

ASUNCION, Paraguay, June 28 (UPI) -- Paraguay's embattled new government says Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay are plotting against it to widen Paraguay's diplomatic isolation.
Paraguay crisis threatens fuel shortages

Paraguay crisis threatens fuel shortages

ASUNCION, Paraguay, June 25 (UPI) -- Paraguay's political crisis threatens to exacerbate fuel shortages in the impoverished landlocked country after the Senateremoved President Fernando Lugo from office.

Judge cleared of amnesty violations

MADRID, Feb. 27 (UPI) -- Spain's Supreme Court Monday cleared Judge Balthazar Garzon of violating a 1977 amnesty law in his investigation of crime in the Francisco Franco era.

Sculpture depicts Franco in a fridge

MADRID, Feb. 16 (UPI) -- A Madrid art fair featured a sculpture of Spanish dictator Francisco Franco frozen inside a refrigerator with a glass door.

Charges dropped in Banco Santander case

MADRID, Feb. 14 (UPI) -- Bribery charges against a Spanish judge known as a human rights crusader were dropped because the statute of limitations had run out, officials in Madrid said.

Spanish judge guilty in wiretapping case

MADRID, Feb. 9 (UPI) -- A controversial Spanish judge was found guilty Thursday of ordering illegal wiretapping and suspended from the bench for 11 years.

Charges remain against Spanish judge

MADRID, Jan. 31 (UPI) -- Spain's Supreme Court ruled Tuesday the case against a judge who ordered an inquiry into massacres that occurred during the Franco era can proceed.

Garzon denies he abused judicial powers

MADRID, Jan. 17 (UPI) -- Baltasar Garzon, the Spanish judge who ordered the arrest of former Chilean dictator Gen. Augusto Pinochet, has denied accusations he abused judicial powers.

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Sunday, Dec. 4, 2011.
By United Press International
Page 2 of 8

Francisco Paulino Hermenegildo Teódulo Franco y Bahamonde (4 December 1892 – 20 November 1975), known simply as Francisco Franco (Spanish pronunciation: ) or Franco(Spanish pronunciation: ), was a Spanish dictator, military general and head of state of Spain from October 1936 (as a unified nation from 1939 onwards), and de facto regent of the nominally restored Kingdom of Spain from 1947 until his death in November 1975. He came to power as a prominent member of the far-right Falange movement. As head of state, Franco used the title Caudillo de España, por la gracia de Dios, meaning Leader of Spain, by the grace of God, but also was called formally as His Excellency, The Head Of State.

Franco was from a military family, and although originally intent on entering the Spanish Navy, he instead became a soldier. He participated in the Rif War in Morocco, becoming the youngest general in Europe by 1926. After returning to the Spanish mainland, he saw service suppressing an anarchist-led strike in 1934, defending the stability of Alcalá-Zamora's conservative government. Following the formation of a Popular Front government, made up of various left-wing factions, instability heightened. Violence between militant groups rose sharply with assassination of conservative parliamentary leader José Calvo Sotelo in retaliation for the killing of José Castillo. Franco and his co-conspirators used Calvo's death as their pretext for war, even though they had already initiated the plan for their rebellion.

Franco and the military participated in a coup d'état against the Popular Front government. The coup failed and devolved into the Spanish Civil War during which Franco emerged as the leader of the Nationalists against the Popular Front government. After winning the civil war with military aid from Italy and Nazi Germany—while the communist Soviet Union and various Internationalists aided certain forces of the left—he dissolved the Spanish Parliament. He then established a right-wing authoritarian regime that lasted until 1978, when a new constitution was drafted. During World War II, Franco officially maintained a policy of non-belligerency and later of neutrality, in part because Spain had not recovered from the considerable damage of the civil war. However, he supported the volunteer Blue Division who fought with the Axis on the Eastern Front. He was initially disliked by Cuban Fulgencio Batista, who, during World War II, had suggested a joint U.S.-Latin American assault on Spain in order to overthrow Franco's regime.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Francisco Franco."
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