The almanac

UPI Almanac for Friday, Sept. 13, 2013.
By United Press International
Obama thanks Cabinet, Congress

Obama thanks Cabinet, Congress

WASHINGTON, Jan. 21 (UPI) -- Despite philosophical differences, Democrats and Republicans seek public office because they believe they can make America better, President Obama said Monday.
Navy celebrates Flag Day at Fort McHenry

Navy celebrates Flag Day at Fort McHenry

BALTIMORE, June 14 (UPI) -- Ten U.S. Navy ships are commemorating Flag Day and the War of 1812 by taking part in a flotilla starting in Baltimore and heading up the Eastern Seaboard.

AFRICOM training to protect West Africa

WASHINGTON, Jan. 16 (UPI) -- U.S. African Command announced the USS Fort McHenry dock-landing ship is heading to the Gulf of Guinea in an initiative to increase regional security.

Foul play not suspected in sailors' deaths

TEMA, Ghana, Jan. 2 (UPI) -- The bodies of two Virginia sailors who died on break in Ghana will be flown to Germany for toxicology tests, but the U.S. Navy does not suspect foul play.

USS Fort McHenry deployed to Africa

WASHINGTON, Oct. 16 (UPI) -- The U.S. Navy announced the USS Fort McHenry will begin a seven-month deployment to the Gulf of Guinea as part of the new U.S. Africa Command.

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Thursday, Sept. 13, 2007.
By United Press International

The Almanac

Today is Wednesday, Sept. 13, the 256th day of 2006 with 109 to follow.
By United Press International

National Museum to close for work

WASHINGTON, April 12 (UPI) -- The National Museum of American History, the largest of its kind in the United States, will close on Labor Day for two years of refurbishing and expansion.

No bomb, four held in Baltimore case

BALTIMORE, Oct. 18 (UPI) -- Four Middle Eastern men were held Tuesday on immigration charges after officials briefly shut down parts of I-95 in Baltimore because of a terror threat.

The Almanac

Today is Tuesday, Sept. 13, the 256th day of 2005 with 109 to follow.
By United Press International

The Almanac

Today is Monday, Sept. 13, the 257th day of 2004 with 109 to follow.
By United Press International

Lawsuit filed in water taxi accident

BALTIMORE, May 11 (UPI) -- A $17 million lawsuit was filed Tuesday in Baltimore against the owner of a water taxi that capsized from a gust of wind in March, killing five passengers.

Third victim found, search ends

BALTIMORE, March 15 (UPI) -- Search crews Monday found the last missing victim of the March 6 water-taxi accident in Baltimore's harbor, says a report.

Second woman dies from water taxi accident

BALTIMORE, March 9 (UPI) -- A second woman died Tuesday from injuries suffered in the capsizing of a water taxi in Baltimore's harbor.
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Fort McHenry
Surrounded by flags, President and Mrs. Ford wave as they arrive at Fort McHenry for a naturalization ceremony and Fourth of July celebration in 1975 in Baltimore, MD. (UPI Photo/Files)

Fort McHenry, in Baltimore, Maryland, is a star shaped fort best known for its role in the War of 1812 when it successfully defended Baltimore Harbor from an attack by the British navy in the Chesapeake Bay. It was during this bombardment of the fort that Francis Scott Key was inspired to write "The Star-Spangled Banner," the poem that would eventually be set to the tune of the The Anacreontic Song, to become the national anthem of the United States.

Beginning at 6:00 A.M. on September 13, 1814, British warships continuously bombarded the fort for 25 hours. The American defenders had 18, 24, and 38 pound (8, 11 and 17 kg) cannons with a range of 1.5 miles (2.4 km). The British had a range of 2 miles (3 km), and their rockets had a 1.75 mile (2.8 km) range, but they were not very accurate. The British ships were unable to pass Fort McHenry and penetrate Baltimore Harbor because of defenses including a chain, sunken ships, and the American cannon. They were, however, able to come close enough to fire rockets and mortars on the fort. Due to the poor accuracy of the British weapons and the limited range of the American guns, little damage was done on either side, but the British ceased their attack on the morning of September 14, 1814, and the naval part of the British invasion of Baltimore had been repulsed.

The Americans did suffer casualties, amounting to four killed and twenty-four wounded, including one African American soldier and a woman who was cut in half by a bomb as she carried supplies to the troops. At one point during the bombardment a bomb crashed through the fort's powder magazine. Fortunately for the defenders, either the fuse was extinguished by the rain or the bomb was merely a dud.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Fort McHenry."
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