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Evo Morales wins third presidential term in Bolivia

Evo Morales wins third presidential term in Bolivia

LA PAZ, Bolivia, Oct. 12 (UPI) --Evo Morales declared victory in Bolivia's presidential election on Sunday, when exit polls put him at 60 percent of the vote.
Kate Stanton
Castro blames McCain, Israel for rise of Islamic State

Castro blames McCain, Israel for rise of Islamic State

WASHINGTON, Sept. 5 (UPI) --Israel and Sen. John McCain, R-Ariz., are responsible for the rise of the militant group Islamic State, former Cuban President Fidel Castro charged.
Ed Adamczyk
UPI Almanac for Wednesday, Aug. 13, 2014

UPI Almanac for Wednesday, Aug. 13, 2014

UPI Almanac for Wednesday, Aug. 13, 2014
By United Press International
Fidel Castro calls Gaza incursion 'Palestinian Holocaust'

Fidel Castro calls Gaza incursion 'Palestinian Holocaust'

HAVANA, Aug. 6 (UPI) --Former Cuban leader Fidel Castro railed against Israel's offensive in Gaza in an editorial published in a Havana newspaper.
Ed Adamczyk
Putin visits Cuba in search of influence in Latin America

Putin visits Cuba in search of influence in Latin America

HAVANA , July 11 (UPI) --Russian President Vladimir Putin arrived in Havana, Cuba, Friday, his first stop on a tour of Latin America.
Ed Adamczyk
Cuban govt. linked to debunked Menendez prostitution plot

Cuban govt. linked to debunked Menendez prostitution plot

WASHINGTON, July 8 (UPI) --Sen. Robert Menendez, D-N.J., has asked the Justice Department to investigate claims that the Cuban government fabricated an underage prostitution scandal.
Gabrielle Levy

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Wednesday, Feb. 19, 2014.
By United Press International

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Sunday, Feb. 16, 2014.
By United Press International
Fidel Castro makes first public appearance in months

Fidel Castro makes first public appearance in months

Jan. 9 (UPI) -- Cuba's ailing former leader stepped out in Havana Wednesday, appearing in public for the first time in months.
Gabrielle Levy

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Friday, Jan. 3, 2014.
By United Press International

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Wednesday, Jan. 1, 2014.
By United Press International

Fidel Castro praises brother's handshake with President Obama

HAVANA, Dec. 20 (UPI) -- Former Cuban President Fidel Castro Thursday praised his brother and successor for his handshake with U.S. President Barack Obama in South Africa.

Obama gets more heat for Castro handshake

Dec. 11 (UPI) --U.S. President Barack Obama continues to receive flak over his handshake with Cuba's President Raul Castro, as Cuban American lawmakers have joined in the criticism.
Justin Salhani

McCain blasts Obama-Castro handshake

WASHINGTON, Dec. 10 (UPI) -- In what the White House called an unplanned moment, U.S. President Barack Obama shook hands with Cuban dictator Raul Castro during a Nelson Mandela memorial.

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Monday, Dec. 2, 2013.
By United Press International
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Photos
Fidel Castro
Cuban President Fidel Castro is pictured in this July 26, 1984 file photo during celebrations in Cienfuegos, Cuba marking the 31st anniversary of the start of the Cuban Revolution. (UPI Photo/FILE)
Wiki

Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz (Spanish: ; born August 13, 1926) is a Cuban revolutionary and politician, having held the position of Prime Minister of Cuba from 1959 to 1976, and then President from 1976 to 2008. He also served as the First Secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba from the party's foundation in 1961 until 2011. Politically a Marxist-Leninist, under his administration Cuba was converted into a one-party socialist state, with industry being nationalised under state ownership and socialist reforms implemented in all areas of society.

Born the illegitimate son of a wealthy farmer, Castro became involved in leftist and anti-imperialist politics whilst studying law at the University of Havana. Subsequently involving himself in several armed rebellions against rightist governments in the Dominican Republic and Colombia, he went on to conclude that the U.S.-backed Cuban President Fulgencio Batista, who was widely seen as a dictator, had to be overthrown. To this end he led an armed attack on the Moncada Barracks in 1953, but this failed and he was imprisoned. Getting out of prison after a year, he travelled to Mexico, and with the aid of his brother Raúl Castro and friend Che Guevara, he assembled together a group of Cuban revolutionaries, the July 26 Movement. Returning with them to Cuba, he took a key role in the Cuban Revolution, leading a successful guerilla war against Batista's forces, with Batista himself fleeing into exile in 1959.

Castro subsequently came to power and shortly thereafter became Prime Minister of Cuba. His anti-imperialist views alarmed the United States, who through the CIA organised the failed Bay of Pigs invasion in 1961 to overthrow his government, before proceeding to orchestrate repeated assassination attempts against him and implement an illegal economic blockade of Cuba. This only served to turn him further against the U.S., instead forging an alliance with the Soviet Union and allowing them to store nuclear weapons on the island, leading to the events of the Cuban Missile Crisis in 1962. Adopting Marxism-Leninism as his guiding ideology, in 1961 he proclaimed the socialist nature of the Cuban revolution, and in 1965 became First Secretary of the newly founded Communist Party of Cuba, with all other parties being abolished. He then led the transformation of Cuba into a socialist republic, nationalising industry and introducing free healthcare and education for all.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Fidel Castro."
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