Michelle brushes Florida, Keys

MIAMI, Nov. 5 (UPI) -- Hurricane Michelle brushed the Florida Keys and south Florida with tropical storm force winds Monday as it sped toward Nassau, Bahamas, with weakening 80 mph wi

Dangerous MIchelle bears down on Havana

MIAMI, Nov. 4 (UPI) -- Extremely dangerous Hurricane Michelle hammered southwestern Cuba with devastating winds and torrents of rain Sunday as it bore down on Havana with winds of 135

Three on trial in alleged Cuban bomb plot

FORT LAUDERDALE,, Fla., Nov. 2 (UPI) -- The trial of three Guatemalans accused in Havana, Cuba, of plotting to bring explosives into Cuba was expected to wind up Friday, but no verdict or sentence was

Report: CIA considers assassinations

WASHINGTON, Oct. 28 (UPI) -- Armed with new presidential authority for a global campaign against al Qaida, the Central Intelligence Agency is considering secret missions to kill specified individuals for the first time since assassinations were ruled out as a result of scandals in th

Of Human Interest: News-lite

PENNY NELSON BARTHOLOMEW, United Press International

The Almanac

Today is Friday, Oct. 5, the 278th day of 2001 with 87 to follow.
By United Press International

Cuban exiles file complaint against Fidel

MIAMI, Oct. 4 (UPI) -- A group of Cubans mostly from Miami filed criminal charges against Fidel Castro and his Cuban regime Thursday in Belgium, it was announced in Miami.

Analysis: Radical Chic

WASHINGTON, Sept. 28 (UPI) -- The Sept. 11 terrorist attacks on New York's World Trade Center and the Pentagon have altered the American political landscape. The country is remarkably united
PETER ROFF, UPI National Political Analyst
Page 52 of 52
Fidel Castro
Cuban President Fidel Castro is pictured in this July 26, 1984 file photo during celebrations in Cienfuegos, Cuba marking the 31st anniversary of the start of the Cuban Revolution. (UPI Photo/FILE)

Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz (Spanish: ; born August 13, 1926) is a Cuban revolutionary and politician, having held the position of Prime Minister of Cuba from 1959 to 1976, and then President from 1976 to 2008. He also served as the First Secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba from the party's foundation in 1961 until 2011. Politically a Marxist-Leninist, under his administration Cuba was converted into a one-party socialist state, with industry being nationalised under state ownership and socialist reforms implemented in all areas of society.

Born the illegitimate son of a wealthy farmer, Castro became involved in leftist and anti-imperialist politics whilst studying law at the University of Havana. Subsequently involving himself in several armed rebellions against rightist governments in the Dominican Republic and Colombia, he went on to conclude that the U.S.-backed Cuban President Fulgencio Batista, who was widely seen as a dictator, had to be overthrown. To this end he led an armed attack on the Moncada Barracks in 1953, but this failed and he was imprisoned. Getting out of prison after a year, he travelled to Mexico, and with the aid of his brother Raúl Castro and friend Che Guevara, he assembled together a group of Cuban revolutionaries, the July 26 Movement. Returning with them to Cuba, he took a key role in the Cuban Revolution, leading a successful guerilla war against Batista's forces, with Batista himself fleeing into exile in 1959.

Castro subsequently came to power and shortly thereafter became Prime Minister of Cuba. His anti-imperialist views alarmed the United States, who through the CIA organised the failed Bay of Pigs invasion in 1961 to overthrow his government, before proceeding to orchestrate repeated assassination attempts against him and implement an illegal economic blockade of Cuba. This only served to turn him further against the U.S., instead forging an alliance with the Soviet Union and allowing them to store nuclear weapons on the island, leading to the events of the Cuban Missile Crisis in 1962. Adopting Marxism-Leninism as his guiding ideology, in 1961 he proclaimed the socialist nature of the Cuban revolution, and in 1965 became First Secretary of the newly founded Communist Party of Cuba, with all other parties being abolished. He then led the transformation of Cuba into a socialist republic, nationalising industry and introducing free healthcare and education for all.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Fidel Castro."
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