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Beckmann and Paris
SLP98120101 - 01 DECEMBER 1998- ST. LOUIS, MISSOURI, USA: This protrait painting of N.M. Zeretelli in 1927, is just one of the paintings that will be seen at the St. Louis Art Museum during a special exhibition, scheduled for February 6-May 9, 1999. Beckman and Paris, a special exhibition organized by the St. Louis Art Museum and the Kunsthaus Zurich, brings together for the first time nearly 100 paintings by Max Beckmann, Pablo Picasso, Henri Matisse, Georges Braque, Fernand Leger, Georges Rouault and Robert Delaunay. The exhibition re-evaluates the traditional image of Beckmann as a quintessential German artist by looking to his time in Paris during the 1920's and '30s and by juxtaposing many of his masterpieces with major paintings by his Paris contemporaries. These juxtapositions evoke striking comparisons in theme and style and present a new, surprising view of Beckmann. bg/HO UPI
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Joseph Fernand Henri Léger (February 4, 1881 – August 17, 1955) was a French painter, sculptor, and filmmaker. In his early works he created a personal form of Cubism which he gradually modified into a more figurative, populist style. His boldly simplified treatment of modern subject matter has caused him to be regarded as a forerunner of Pop Art.

Léger was born in Argentan, Orne, Basse-Normandie, where his father raised cattle. Fernand Léger initially trained as an architect from 1897–1899 before moving in 1900 to Paris, where he supported himself as an architectural draftsman. After military service in Versailles in 1902–1903, he enrolled at the School of Decorative Arts; he also applied to the Ecole des Beaux-Arts but was rejected. He nevertheless attended the Beaux-Arts as a non-enrolled student, spending what he described as "three empty and useless years" studying with Gérôme and others, while also studying at the Académie Julian. He began to work seriously as a painter only at the age of 25. At this point his work showed the influence of Impressionism, as seen in Le Jardin de ma mère (My Mother's Garden) of 1905, one of the few paintings from this period that he did not later destroy. A new emphasis on drawing and geometry appeared in Léger's work after he saw the Cézanne retrospective at the Salon d'Automne in 1907.

In 1909 he moved to Montparnasse and met such leaders of the avant-garde as Archipenko, Lipchitz, Chagall, and Robert Delaunay. His major painting of this period is Nudes in the Forest (1909–10), in which Léger displayed a personal form of Cubism—his critics called it "Tubism" for its emphasis on cylindrical forms—that made no use of the collage technique pioneered by Braque and Picasso.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Fernand Leger."
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