The almanac

UPI Almanac for Friday, Dec. 20, 2013.
By United Press International

EU keeping close tabs on Georgia

TBILISI, Georgia, July 9 (UPI) -- Georgia is expected to showcase its commitment to the values embraced by the European Union, the European commissioner for neighborhood policy said.

U.S. has concerns about justice in Georgia

WASHINGTON, May 23 (UPI) -- Authorities in Georgia are called on to ensure charges against former government officials aren't politically motivated, the U.S. State Department said.

EU wary of selective justice in Georgia

BRUSSELS, May 22 (UPI) -- European officials said they would keep close tabs on legal proceedings against former Georgian political leaders accused of corruption.

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Thursday, Dec. 20, 2012.
By United Press International

Tough love from Ashton after Tbilisi trip

TBILISI, Georgia, Nov. 26 (UPI) -- Leaders in Georgia are called on to honor to spirit of European democracy by ensuring there's no sense of selective just there, a visiting European leader said.

EU courts Georgia's new leaders

TBILISI, Georgia, Oct. 19 (UPI) -- The European Union looks forward to developing a strong working relationship with the new government in Georgia, an official said from Tbilisi.

Georgia's new Cabinet unveiled

TBILISI, Georgia, Oct. 16 (UPI) -- The leader of the Georgian Dream slate, winner of Oct. 1 parliamentary elections, announced his list of candidates for a new government in Georgia.

Make or break day for Georgia's president

TBILISI, Georgia, Oct. 1 (UPI) -- Monday could be a make or break day for a president in Georgia accused of monopolizing power since the 2004 Rose Revolution, an analyst said.

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Wednesday, Aug. 29, 2012.
By United Press International

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Tuesday Dec. 20, 2011.
By United Press International

Atlantic Eye: A Georgian rose half-opened

PRAGUE, Czech Republic, Jan. 7 (UPI) -- "He is charming, but glib. Saakashvili needs to step up to the plate if the Rose Revolution is to meet its promise. It is not enough to want to be in the European Union. You have to meet standards of democracy. That is his challenge," a ranking Democrat wrote to me in response to the presidential election results in the Republic of Georgia.
MARC S. ELLENBOGEN, UPI International Columnist

Saakashvili claims victory in Georgia

TBILISI, Georgia, Jan. 6 (UPI) -- Georgia President Mikheil Saakashvili has claimed re-election in polls that European election monitors say were largely democratic.

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Thursday, Dec. 20, 2007.
By United Press International

Analysis: Georgia's emergency and oil

WASHINGTON, Nov. 15 (UPI) -- On Nov. 7 Georgian President Mikheil Saakashvili declared a 15-day state of emergency; the announcement is ominous for energy markets.
JOHN C.K. DALY, UPI International Correspondent
Page 1 of 6
Eduard Shevardnadze
Soviet Leader Mikhail Gorbachev (R) and his Foreign Minister Eduard Shevardnadze are seen here waving to Secretary of State George Schultz (hatless in car) and President Ronald Reagan as they leave Hofdi house following the conclusion of their mini-summit October 12, 1986. (UPI/File)

Eduard Shevardnadze (Georgian: ედუარდ შევარდნაძე ; born 25 January 1927 / 28 is written in papers) is a former Soviet, and later, Georgian statesman from the height to the end of the Cold War. He served as President of Georgia from 1995 to 2003, and as First Secretary of the Georgian Communist Party (GPC, the de facto leader of Soviet Georgia), from 1972 to 1985. Shevardnadze was responsible for many top decisions on Soviet foreign policy in the Gorbachev Era. He was forced to retire in 2003 as a consequence of the bloodless Rose Revolution.

Shevardnadze's political career started in the late-1940s as a leading member of his local Komsomol organisation. He was later appointed its Second Secretary, and even First Secretary. His rise up the Georgian Soviet hierarchy continued until 1961 when he was demoted after he insulted a senior official. After spending two years in obscurity Shevardnadze's returned as a First Secretary of a Tbilisi city district, and was able, to charge the Tbilisi First Secretary at the time for corruption. His anti-corruption work quickly garnered the interest of the Soviet government, and Shevardnadze was appointed to First Deputy of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Georgian SSR. He would later become the head of the internal affairs ministry and was successfully able to charge First Secretary (leader of Soviet Georgia) Vasil Mzhavanadze for corruption charges.

As First Secretary, Shevardandze started several economic reforms which would spur economic growth in the republic, an uncommon site in the Soviet Union because the country was experiencing a nationwide economic stagnation. Shevardnadze anti-corruption continued until he resigned from his office as First Secretary. Mikhail Gorbachev appointed Shevardnadze to the post of Minister of Foreign Affairs. From there one, with the exception of a brief period between 1990 and 1991, Shevardnadze would be second most important person in Soviet foreign policy, surpassed only by Gorbachev in importance.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Eduard Shevardnadze."
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