Eduard Limonov (Russian: Эдуард Лимонов, real name Eduard Veniaminovich Savenko, Russian: Эдуа́рд Вениами́нович Саве́нко; born February 22, 1943) is a French citizen and a Russian writer and political dissident, and is the founder and leader of the unregistered radical National Bolshevik Party, which aims to create a grand empire that will include the whole of Europe, Russia and Northern/Central Asia to be governed under Russian rule. The political scientist and Russian expert Stephen Shenfield (Brown University) considers Eduard Limonov a fascist.
An opponent of Vladimir Putin and a political ally of Garry Kasparov, Limonov is a leader of Kasparov's Other Russia political bloc.
Limonov was born in Dzerzhinsk, USSR - an industrial town on the Oka River, near the major city of Nizhny Novgorod (Gorky during Soviet Rule). In the early years of his life family moved to Kharkiv, Ukrainian SSR where Limonov grew up. In the early 1970s he was a poet in Moscow, and achieved a degree of success before being stripped of his citizenship and expelled from the Soviet Union.