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The almanac

UPI Almanac for Monday, Sept. 9, 2013.
By United Press International

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Wednesday, Sept. 9, 2009.
By United Press International

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Tuesday, Sept. 9, 2008.
By United Press International

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Sunday, Sept. 9, 2007.
By United Press International

The Almanac

Today is Saturday, Sept. 9, the 252nd day of 2006 with 113 to follow.
By United Press International

The Almanac

Today is Friday, Sept. 9, the 252nd day of 2005 with 113 to follow.
By United Press International

The Almanac

Today is Thursday, Sept. 9, the 253rd day of 2004 with 113 to follow.
By United Press International

The Almanac

Today is Tuesday, Sept. 9, the 252nd day of 2003 with 113 to follow.
By United Press International

The Almanac

Today is Monday, Sept. 9, the 252nd day of 2002 with 113 to follow.
By United Press International
Wiki

Duke of Richelieu was a title in the peerage of France. It was created on 26 November 1629 for cardinal Richelieu who, as a clergyman, had no issue to pass it down to. It instead passed to his great-nephew, Armand Jean de Vignerot, grandson of his elder sister Françoise (1577-1615), who had married René de Vignerot, lord of Pontcourlay († 1625).

Armand Jean de Vignerot added the cardinal's surname of du Plessis to his own, took the cardinal's coat of arms (d'argent à trois chevrons de gueules « sans meslange d'aulcunes autres ») and received the titles of duke of Richelieu and peer of France by letters patent in 1657.

Two new reversions of the title occurred in 1822 and 1879. In effect, Armand Emmanuel du Plessis, duc de Richelieu died without an heir, but he gained permission for the title of duke of Richelieu to pass to the son of his half-sister Simplicie, daughter of Antoine-Pierre de La Chapelle de Saint-Jean de Jumilhac, with reversion to the descendents of his younger brother should he die without a male heir - meaning that, in effect, the title passed to his nephew.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Duc de Richelieu."
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