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The almanac

UPI Almanac for Wednesday, Feb. 19, 2014.
By United Press International

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Wednesday, Jan. 29, 2014.
By United Press International
China to let market play 'decisive' role

China to let market play 'decisive' role

BEIJING, Nov. 13 (UPI) -- China's Communist Party Central Committee, led by a new leadership, acknowledged the market's "decisive role" in shaping the country's economic future.

Deeper reforms expected at Chinese Communist Party plenary session

BEIJING, Nov. 7 (UPI) -- Deeper economic reforms and opening up that President Xi Jinping has been promising will be the focus at the upcoming key meeting of China's top leadership.
Higher court agrees to hear Bo Xilai appeal

Higher court agrees to hear Bo Xilai appeal

BEIJING, Oct. 9 (UPI) -- A Chinese provincial court said it will hear the appeal of a former high-level Chinese Communist Party official convicted of corruption last month.

Former high-level Chinese official to appeal corruption conviction

BEIJING, Sept. 23 (UPI) -- A former high-level Chinese Communist Party official says he will appeal his corruption and abuse of power convictions.

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Tuesday, Feb. 19, 2013.
By United Press International

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Tuesday, Jan. 29, 2013.
By United Press International
Xi Jinping heads China's new leadership

Xi Jinping heads China's new leadership

BEIJING, Nov. 15 (UPI) -- Xi Jinping, 59, who heads China's new leadership team, will be aided by the Communist Party's amended constitution highlighting reform and opening up.

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Friday, Feb. 24, 2012.
By United Press International

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Sunday, Feb. 19, 2012.
By United Press International

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Sunday, Jan. 29, 2012.
By United Press International

Cuba moves closer to market economy

HAVANA, Dec. 29 (UPI) -- As seismic shifts go, Cuba's embrace of a socialist-coated market economy is going ahead in full stream as if it was the most natural thing for its authoritarian government to do in between Communist Party conferences and populist pep talkathons.

Widow of China's Deng Xiaoping cremated

BEIJING, Aug. 10 (UPI) -- Zhou Lin, the widow of the late Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping, was cremated Monday in a Beijing ceremony, the Chinese Communist Party announced.

Mourners pay tribute to Zhuo Lin

BEIJING, Aug. 2 (UPI) -- Zhuo Lin, widow of the late Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping has died at 93, officials said.
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Deng Xiaoping
Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping lights up a cigarette in this 1985 file photo. (UPI Photo/Files)
Wiki

Deng Xiaoping (IPA: ( listen); 22 August 1904  – 19 February 1997) was a Chinese politician, statesman, theorist, and diplomat. As leader of the Communist Party of China, Deng was a reformer who led China towards a market economy. While Deng never held office as the head of state, head of government or General Secretary of the Communist Party of China (historically the highest position in Communist China), he nonetheless served as the paramount leader of the People's Republic of China from 1978 to 1992.

Born into a peasant background in Guang'an, Sichuan, China, Deng studied and worked in France in the 1920s, where he came under the influence of Marxism. He joined the Communist Party of China in 1923. Upon his return to China he worked as a political commissar in rural regions and was considered a "revolutionary veteran" of the Long March. Following the founding of the People's Republic of China in 1949, Deng worked in Tibet and other southwestern regions to consolidate Communist control. He was also instrumental in China's economic reconstruction following the Great Leap Forward in the early 1960s. His economic policies were at odds with the political ideologies of Chairman Mao Zedong. As a result, he was purged twice during the Cultural Revolution but regained prominence in 1978 by outmaneuvering Mao's chosen successor, Hua Guofeng.

Inheriting a country fraught with social and institutional woes resulting from the Cultural Revolution and other mass political movements of the Mao era, Deng became the core of the "second generation" of Chinese leadership. He is considered "the architect" of a new brand of socialist thinking, having developed Socialism with Chinese characteristics and led Chinese economic reform through a synthesis of theories that became known as the "socialist market economy". Deng opened China to foreign investment, the global market, and limited private competition. He was generally credited with developing China into one of the fastest growing economies in the world for over thirty years and raising the standard of living of hundreds of millions of Chinese.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Deng Xiaoping."
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