Memoir reveals Chinese leader's dissent

BEIJING, May 14 (UPI) -- The former head of the Chinese Communist Party, in a memoir set to be published, says the 1989 Tiananmen Square massacre was avoidable.

Analysis: China's crisis-handling problem

HONG KONG, March 7 (UPI) -- China is not prepared to handle a large-scale external crisis -- particularly in the Taiwan Strait -- it can be concluded after assessing the nation's hardware, including ammunition supplies and fuel reserves, as well as the quality of its military personnel.

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Sunday, Feb. 24, 2008.
By United Press International

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Tuesday, Feb. 19, 2008.
By United Press International

Interview: Lee Kuan Yew -- Part 1

SINGAPORE, Feb. 8 (UPI) -- UPI Editor at Large Arnaud de Borchgrave interviewed Singapore's Minister Mentor Lee Kuan Yew on Feb. 2. The following is the text of the interview.

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Tuesday, Jan. 29, 2008.
By United Press International

Chinese, Japanese leaders play ball

BEIJING, Dec. 29 (UPI) -- China's premier and Japan's prime minister played baseball Saturday, providing another sign of their countries' increasingly friendly relations.

Analysis: Behind the Kitty Hawk spat

HONG KONG, Dec. 3 (UPI) -- Ever since former Taiwan President Lee Teng-hui put forward his two-state theory in 1996 -- implying that Taiwan and China were separate states -- the U.S. aircraft carrier battle group has quickly made an appearance in Hong Kong whenever tensions arose in the Taiwan Strait.

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Friday, Nov. 9, 2007.
By United Press International

Defense Focus: Israel's fence -- Part 1

WASHINGTON, Oct. 22 (UPI) -- Flying by helicopter along the entire northern half of Israel’s security barrier sealing off most of the West Bank to lock out Palestinian suicide bombers brings home clearly a simple truth almost never mentioned in the U.S. and European media -- the security barrier is a fence, not a wall.
MARTIN SIEFF, UPI Senior News Analyst

Hu Jintao wins second term

BEIJING, Oct. 22 (UPI) -- Chinese President Hu Jintao Monday won a new mandate to lead the country for five more years from the newly elected Communist Party’s 17th Central Committee.

The Almanac

UPI almanac for Saturday, Feb. 24, 2007.
By United Press International

China remembers Deng Xiaoping

BEIJING, Feb. 19 (UPI) -- More than 33,000 Internet users in China have sent virtual flowers to an online memorial for leader Deng Xiaoping, who died 10 years ago Monday. Deng, a government leader largely credited with a series of reforms in the country that led to the opening of

The Almanac

UPI almanac for Monday, Feb. 19, 2007.
By United Press International

The Almanac

UPI almanac for Monday, Jan. 29, 2007.
By United Press International
Page 2 of 6
Deng Xiaoping
Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping lights up a cigarette in this 1985 file photo. (UPI Photo/Files)

Deng Xiaoping (IPA: ( listen); 22 August 1904  – 19 February 1997) was a Chinese politician, statesman, theorist, and diplomat. As leader of the Communist Party of China, Deng was a reformer who led China towards a market economy. While Deng never held office as the head of state, head of government or General Secretary of the Communist Party of China (historically the highest position in Communist China), he nonetheless served as the paramount leader of the People's Republic of China from 1978 to 1992.

Born into a peasant background in Guang'an, Sichuan, China, Deng studied and worked in France in the 1920s, where he came under the influence of Marxism. He joined the Communist Party of China in 1923. Upon his return to China he worked as a political commissar in rural regions and was considered a "revolutionary veteran" of the Long March. Following the founding of the People's Republic of China in 1949, Deng worked in Tibet and other southwestern regions to consolidate Communist control. He was also instrumental in China's economic reconstruction following the Great Leap Forward in the early 1960s. His economic policies were at odds with the political ideologies of Chairman Mao Zedong. As a result, he was purged twice during the Cultural Revolution but regained prominence in 1978 by outmaneuvering Mao's chosen successor, Hua Guofeng.

Inheriting a country fraught with social and institutional woes resulting from the Cultural Revolution and other mass political movements of the Mao era, Deng became the core of the "second generation" of Chinese leadership. He is considered "the architect" of a new brand of socialist thinking, having developed Socialism with Chinese characteristics and led Chinese economic reform through a synthesis of theories that became known as the "socialist market economy". Deng opened China to foreign investment, the global market, and limited private competition. He was generally credited with developing China into one of the fastest growing economies in the world for over thirty years and raising the standard of living of hundreds of millions of Chinese.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Deng Xiaoping."
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