Creighton Williams Abrams Jr. (September 15, 1914 – September 4, 1974) was a United States Army General who commanded military operations in the Vietnam War from 1968-72 which saw U.S. troop strength in Vietnam fall from a peak of 543,000 to 49,000. He served as Chief of Staff of the United States Army from 1972 until shortly before his death in 1974. In honor of Abrams, the U.S. Army named the XM1 main battle tank after him as the M1 Abrams. The IG Farben building was also named after him from 1975 to 1995.
He graduated from West Point in 1936 and served with the 1st Cavalry Division from 1936 to 1940, being promoted to first lieutenant in 1939 and temporary captain in 1940.
He became an armor officer early in the development of that branch and served as a tank company commander in the 1st Armored Division in 1940.