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Thailand's military junta sets deadline to establish interim government

Thailand's military junta sets deadline to establish interim government

BANGKOK, June 13 (UPI) --Gen. Prayuth Chan-ocha announced Friday that Thailand would form an interim government by September.
JC Finley
Turkey restores access to YouTube after 2-month black-out

Turkey restores access to YouTube after 2-month black-out

ANKARA, Turkey, June 3 (UPI) --Turkey's Telecommunications Directorate restored access to YouTube after the Constitutional Court ruled that blocking the site violated freedom of speech.
JC Finley
Turkish court reverses YouTube ban

Turkish court reverses YouTube ban

ANKARA , Turkey, June 2 (UPI) --Turkey's highest court ruled a government blockage of the internet website YouTube is a violation of users' rights and freedom of speech.
Ed Adamczyk
Military coup leader presents agenda to stabilize Thailand

Military coup leader presents agenda to stabilize Thailand

BANGKOK, May 30 (UPI) --Following a military coup in Thailand on May 22, Gen. Prayuth Chan-ocha set forth a time frame for national reconciliation, government reforms, and elections.
JC Finley
20,000 protesters rally in Bangkok for removal of caretaker government

20,000 protesters rally in Bangkok for removal of caretaker government

BANGKOK, May 9 (UPI) --20,000 protesters descended on Bangkok Friday to demand the removal of Thailand's caretaker government.
JC Finley
Thailand's PM ousted by Constitutional Court

Thailand's PM ousted by Constitutional Court

BANGKOK, May 7 (UPI) -- Thai Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra has been ousted from office by the Constitutional Court for abuse of power after using her authority to help a relative.
Aileen Graef
Thailand elections set for July

Thailand elections set for July

BANGKOK, April 30 (UPI) -- New elections in Thailand are scheduled for July 20, the government announced after the constitutional court invalidated a February vote.
Ed Adamczyk
Turkish parliament passes controversial law to further empower spy agency

Turkish parliament passes controversial law to further empower spy agency

ANKARA, Turkey, April 17 (UPI) -- Turkey's parliament voted Thursday to increase the powers of the National Intelligence Agency.
JC Finley
Thai court nullifies February general election, fueling political crisis

Thai court nullifies February general election, fueling political crisis

March 21 (UPI) -- Thailand's Constitutional Court ruled Friday that February's general election was unlawful.
JC Finley
Crimea officials release Ukraine naval officer, EU considers sanctions

Crimea officials release Ukraine naval officer, EU considers sanctions

BRUSSELS, March 20 (UPI) -- The Ukrainian naval commander detained for a day in Sevastopol was among the seven people released by Crimean authorities Thursday, officials said.
Ukraine seeks U.N.. action after naval base in Crimea seized

Ukraine seeks U.N.. action after naval base in Crimea seized

SEVASTOPOL, Ukraine, March 19 (UPI) -- Ukraine said it would ask the UN to declare Crimea a "demilitarized zone" after pro-Russian activists seized control Wednesday of the naval headquarters.
Ukrainian Parliament dissolves regional assembly in Crimea

Ukrainian Parliament dissolves regional assembly in Crimea

KIEV, Ukraine, March 15 (UPI) -- The Ukrainian Parliament Saturday voted to dissolve the regional assembly in Crimea ahead of the region's controversial vote to secede from Ukraine.

South Korean lawmaker sentenced to prison for plotting insurrection

SEOUL, Feb. 17 (UPI) -- Opposition South Korean Member of Parliament Lee Seok-ke was sentenced Monday to 12 years in prison for plotting to overthrow the government, a court ruled.

Turkish lawmakers approve tighter controls on judges, prosecutors

ANKARA, Turkey, Feb. 15 (UPI) -- The Turkish parliament approved a law Saturday that supporters say gives the government more control over the appointment of judges and prosecutors.
Viktor Yanukovych: From partner to violent kleptocrat

Viktor Yanukovych: From partner to violent kleptocrat

WASHINGTON, Feb. 14 (UPI) -- Over the course of four years the international image of Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovych has evolved from partner to violent kleptocrat.
TARAS KUZIO, UPI Outside View Commentator
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Photos
Constitutional Court
Supporters of Ukrainian Prime Minister Viktor Yanukovich rally outside the Constitutional Court in Kiev on April 20, 2007. Yanukovich expressed his hope on Friday to eliminate all differences next week with President Yushchenko and end a standoff over the president's dissolution of parliament. (UPI Photo/Sergey Starostenko)
Wiki

A constitutional court is a high court that deals primarily with constitutional law. Its main authority is to rule on whether or not laws that are challenged are in fact unconstitutional, i.e. whether or not they conflict with constitutionally established rights and freedoms.

The list in this article is of countries that have a separate constitutional court. Many countries do not have separate constitutional courts, but instead delegate constitutional judicial authority to their supreme court. Nonetheless, such courts are sometimes also called "constitutional courts"; for example, some have called the Supreme Court of the United States "the world's oldest constitutional court" because it was the first court in the world to invalidate a law as unconstitutional (Marbury v. Madison), even though it is not a separate constitutional court. Austria established the world's first separate constitutional court, conceptualised by Hans Kelsen, in 1920 (though it was suspended, along with the constitution that created it, from 1934 to 1945); before that, only the U.S. and Australia had adopted the concept of judicial review through their supreme courts.

Countries with separate constitutional courts include:

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Constitutional Court."
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