S. Korean court upholds smoking ban

SEOUL, Aug. 28 (UPI) -- South Korea's nine-member Constitutional Court has ruled the law that prohibits people from smoking inside public buildings is constitutional.

Indonesian court rejects Wiranto's appeal

JAKARTA, Aug. 9 (UPI) -- An Indonesian court Monday turned down an appeal filed by presidential hopeful Wiranto against the July 5 election results.

S. Korea hit by capital relocation spat

SEOUL, July 12 (UPI) -- Civic groups filed a petition Monday with the Constitutional Court against plans to move South Korea's capital.

Skorea court wants revised impeachment law

SEOUL, May 16 (UPI) -- South Korea's Constitutional Court is seeking to revise the nation's laws regulating Presidential impeachment procedures.

S.Korea Roh reinstated by court's ruling

SEOUL, May 14 (UPI) -- Suspended South Korean President Roh Moo-hyun was restored to power Friday as the Constitutional Court rejected his impeachment.

Parties complain Indonesia election unfair

JAKARTA, May 9 (UPI) -- Indonesia's Constitutional Court says it received 131 complaints linked to the April 5 legislative election, the Jakarta post reported Sunday.

Korean impeachment hearing delayed

SEOUL, April 27 (UPI) -- The South Korean Constitutional Court decided Tuesday to postpone its final hearing of President Roh Moo-hyun's impeachment trial to Friday afternoon.

S. Korean court to rule on Roh in May

SEOUL, April 24 (UPI) -- South Korea's high court will rule on the impeachment of President Roh Moo-hyun in May without Roh testifying about a campaign fund scandal involving aides.

Court: Roh case not affected by election

SEOUL, April 17 (UPI) -- The Constitutional Court in South Korea has said that the impeachment of President Roh Moo-hyun will be unaffected by the general election results.

Putin says Russians must trust courts more

MOSCOW, April 15 (UPI) -- President Vladimir Putin believes the Russian people must learn to trust their court system more, the RIA Novosti news agency reported Thursday.

Report says S. Korea impeachment is valid

SEOUL, March 31 (UPI) -- An internal report by the South Korean Constitutional Court Wednesday implied that the impeachment motion against President Roh Moo-hyun is valid.

Opposition to S. Korea's impeachment grows

SEOUL, March 27 (UPI) -- South Korea's bar association has called on the Constitutional Court to reject the impeachment of President Roh Moo-hyun.

S. Korean president to not attend hearing

SEOUL, March 24 (UPI) -- President Roh Moo-hyun said Wednesday he will not attend the first court hearing on the impeachment against him, slated for March 30.

High court confirms ban of Basque parties

MADRID, Jan. 19 (UPI) -- Spain's Constitutional Court has upheld the banning of two political parties said to be identical to the armed Basque separatist group ETA.

Court reviews 'Berlusconi law'

ROME, Dec. 10 (UPI) -- Italy's constitutional court is to decide "before Christmas" whether to accept a new law that gives the current prime minister immunity.
Page 8 of 9
Constitutional Court
Supporters of Ukrainian Prime Minister Viktor Yanukovich rally outside the Constitutional Court in Kiev on April 20, 2007. Yanukovich expressed his hope on Friday to eliminate all differences next week with President Yushchenko and end a standoff over the president's dissolution of parliament. (UPI Photo/Sergey Starostenko)

A constitutional court is a high court that deals primarily with constitutional law. Its main authority is to rule on whether or not laws that are challenged are in fact unconstitutional, i.e. whether or not they conflict with constitutionally established rights and freedoms.

The list in this article is of countries that have a separate constitutional court. Many countries do not have separate constitutional courts, but instead delegate constitutional judicial authority to their supreme court. Nonetheless, such courts are sometimes also called "constitutional courts"; for example, some have called the Supreme Court of the United States "the world's oldest constitutional court" because it was the first court in the world to invalidate a law as unconstitutional (Marbury v. Madison), even though it is not a separate constitutional court. Austria established the world's first separate constitutional court, conceptualised by Hans Kelsen, in 1920 (though it was suspended, along with the constitution that created it, from 1934 to 1945); before that, only the U.S. and Australia had adopted the concept of judicial review through their supreme courts.

Countries with separate constitutional courts include:

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Constitutional Court."
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