Crimea officials release Ukraine naval officer, EU considers sanctions

Crimea officials release Ukraine naval officer, EU considers sanctions

BRUSSELS, March 20 (UPI) -- The Ukrainian naval commander detained for a day in Sevastopol was among the seven people released by Crimean authorities Thursday, officials said.
Ukraine seeks U.N.. action after naval base in Crimea seized

Ukraine seeks U.N.. action after naval base in Crimea seized

SEVASTOPOL, Ukraine, March 19 (UPI) -- Ukraine said it would ask the UN to declare Crimea a "demilitarized zone" after pro-Russian activists seized control Wednesday of the naval headquarters.
Ukrainian Parliament dissolves regional assembly in Crimea

Ukrainian Parliament dissolves regional assembly in Crimea

KIEV, Ukraine, March 15 (UPI) -- The Ukrainian Parliament Saturday voted to dissolve the regional assembly in Crimea ahead of the region's controversial vote to secede from Ukraine.

South Korean lawmaker sentenced to prison for plotting insurrection

SEOUL, Feb. 17 (UPI) -- Opposition South Korean Member of Parliament Lee Seok-ke was sentenced Monday to 12 years in prison for plotting to overthrow the government, a court ruled.

Turkish lawmakers approve tighter controls on judges, prosecutors

ANKARA, Turkey, Feb. 15 (UPI) -- The Turkish parliament approved a law Saturday that supporters say gives the government more control over the appointment of judges and prosecutors.
Viktor Yanukovych: From partner to violent kleptocrat

Viktor Yanukovych: From partner to violent kleptocrat

WASHINGTON, Feb. 14 (UPI) -- Over the course of four years the international image of Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovych has evolved from partner to violent kleptocrat.
TARAS KUZIO, UPI Outside View Commentator
Petition to void Thai election rejected; related petition still alive

Petition to void Thai election rejected; related petition still alive

BANGKOK, Feb. 7 (UPI) -- A petition to nullify Thailand's general election was rejected Friday on procedural grounds, the country's ombudsman said, but a second was pending.

Italian court sends restrictive reproduction law to higher court

ROME, Jan. 27 (UPI) -- A Rome lower court requested a review of the country's ban on screening for genetic diseases, part of the country's restrictive reproduction law, Monday.

Court says Thai elections can be postponed if necessary

BANGKOK, Jan. 24 (UPI) -- Thailand's Constitutional Court ruled Friday elections scheduled Feb. 2 can be postponed. Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra disagrees.

Pro-government 'red shirt' leader shot, wounded north of Bangkok

BANGKOK, Jan. 22 (UPI) -- A pro-government leader was shot in Thailand as protests against Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra's administration persisted despite a state of emergency.

Russian court upholds 'gay propaganda' law as constitutional

ST. PETERSBURG, Russia, Dec. 4 (UPI) -- Russia's highest court ruled Wednesday a law banning "gay propaganda" was constitutional.

German legislative chamber to seek ban of neo-Nazi party

BERLIN, Dec. 2 (UPI) -- States represented in the upper house of the German parliament say they will try again to ban a neo-Nazi party they claim is damaging the country's democracy.

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Sunday, Dec. 1, 2013.
By United Press International

Thailand rejects senate amendments

(UPI) --Thailand's Constitutional Court rejected proposals from the ruling party, Pheu Thai, to make it so the Senate becomes fully elected and rejected to dissolve the ruling party.
Justin Salhani

France observing fracking developments

LONDON, Nov. 6 (UPI) -- Despite a moratorium, France is observing developments in the shale natural gas sector with keen interest, a French development official said.
Page 2 of 8
Constitutional Court
Supporters of Ukrainian Prime Minister Viktor Yanukovich rally outside the Constitutional Court in Kiev on April 20, 2007. Yanukovich expressed his hope on Friday to eliminate all differences next week with President Yushchenko and end a standoff over the president's dissolution of parliament. (UPI Photo/Sergey Starostenko)

A constitutional court is a high court that deals primarily with constitutional law. Its main authority is to rule on whether or not laws that are challenged are in fact unconstitutional, i.e. whether or not they conflict with constitutionally established rights and freedoms.

The list in this article is of countries that have a separate constitutional court. Many countries do not have separate constitutional courts, but instead delegate constitutional judicial authority to their supreme court. Nonetheless, such courts are sometimes also called "constitutional courts"; for example, some have called the Supreme Court of the United States "the world's oldest constitutional court" because it was the first court in the world to invalidate a law as unconstitutional (Marbury v. Madison), even though it is not a separate constitutional court. Austria established the world's first separate constitutional court, conceptualised by Hans Kelsen, in 1920 (though it was suspended, along with the constitution that created it, from 1934 to 1945); before that, only the U.S. and Australia had adopted the concept of judicial review through their supreme courts.

Countries with separate constitutional courts include:

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Constitutional Court."
Most Popular
Source: Ferguson cop beaten before shooting
Boko Haram overruns Nigerian police academy
Doctor to Jim Kelly: no evidence of cancer
Brady Morton's body discovered three days after Port Huron Float Down
Florida pageant mom fed daughter tapeworms to make her lose weight