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Barcelona demonstrates for Catalonia independence referendum

Barcelona demonstrates for Catalonia independence referendum

BARCELONA, Spain, Sept. 11 (UPI) --Marchers by the hundreds of thousands filled Barcelona, Spain, streets Thursday, calling for a referendum on Catalonian independence from Spain.
Ed Adamczyk
Indonesian court confirms Joko Widodo's presidential win

Indonesian court confirms Joko Widodo's presidential win

JAKARTA, Aug. 21 (UPI) --Indonesia's Constitutional Court issued a ruling Thursday that confirmed Joko Widodo as the winner of the July presidential election.
JC Finley
Thai coup leader Gen. Prayuth named new PM, expanding military control

Thai coup leader Gen. Prayuth named new PM, expanding military control

BANGKOK, Aug. 21 (UPI) --Thailand's Parliament nominated military junta leader Gen. Prayuth Chan-ocha to be the new prime minister, further empowering the military's grip over Thailand.
JC Finley
Uganda celebrates gay pride, this time with police protection

Uganda celebrates gay pride, this time with police protection

ENTEBBE , Uganda, Aug. 11 (UPI) --Uganda celebrated its gay pride after an anti-homosexuality law was overturned.
Ed Adamczyk
Uganda reverses anti-homosexuality law

Uganda reverses anti-homosexuality law

KAMPALA, Uganda, Aug. 1 (UPI) --Uganda's controversial anti-homosexuality law has been struck down by the country's Constitutional Court.
JC Finley
Spain's Catalonia proceeds with secession referendum

Spain's Catalonia proceeds with secession referendum

MADRID, July 31 (UPI) --A November independence referendum in the northeastern Spanish region of Catalonia will go on as scheduled, after a compromise to cancel it was not reached.
Ed Adamczyk
U.S. applauds Idonesia's free and fair elections, losing candidate claims corruption

U.S. applauds Idonesia's free and fair elections, losing candidate claims corruption

JAKARTA, July 23 (UPI) --Indonesian former Army Gen. Prabowo Subianto said he will appeal Tuesday's presidential election results that announced his opponent, Joko Widodo, the winner.
JC Finley
Thailand's military junta sets deadline to establish interim government

Thailand's military junta sets deadline to establish interim government

BANGKOK, June 13 (UPI) --Gen. Prayuth Chan-ocha announced Friday that Thailand would form an interim government by September.
JC Finley
Turkey restores access to YouTube after 2-month black-out

Turkey restores access to YouTube after 2-month black-out

ANKARA, Turkey, June 3 (UPI) --Turkey's Telecommunications Directorate restored access to YouTube after the Constitutional Court ruled that blocking the site violated freedom of speech.
JC Finley
Turkish court reverses YouTube ban

Turkish court reverses YouTube ban

ANKARA , Turkey, June 2 (UPI) --Turkey's highest court ruled a government blockage of the internet website YouTube is a violation of users' rights and freedom of speech.
Ed Adamczyk
Military coup leader presents agenda to stabilize Thailand

Military coup leader presents agenda to stabilize Thailand

BANGKOK, May 30 (UPI) --Following a military coup in Thailand on May 22, Gen. Prayuth Chan-ocha set forth a time frame for national reconciliation, government reforms, and elections.
JC Finley
20,000 protesters rally in Bangkok for removal of caretaker government

20,000 protesters rally in Bangkok for removal of caretaker government

BANGKOK, May 9 (UPI) --20,000 protesters descended on Bangkok Friday to demand the removal of Thailand's caretaker government.
JC Finley
Thailand's PM ousted by Constitutional Court

Thailand's PM ousted by Constitutional Court

BANGKOK, May 7 (UPI) -- Thai Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra has been ousted from office by the Constitutional Court for abuse of power after using her authority to help a relative.
Aileen Graef
Thailand elections set for July

Thailand elections set for July

BANGKOK, April 30 (UPI) -- New elections in Thailand are scheduled for July 20, the government announced after the constitutional court invalidated a February vote.
Ed Adamczyk
Turkish parliament passes controversial law to further empower spy agency

Turkish parliament passes controversial law to further empower spy agency

ANKARA, Turkey, April 17 (UPI) -- Turkey's parliament voted Thursday to increase the powers of the National Intelligence Agency.
JC Finley
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Photos
Constitutional Court
Supporters of Ukrainian Prime Minister Viktor Yanukovich rally outside the Constitutional Court in Kiev on April 20, 2007. Yanukovich expressed his hope on Friday to eliminate all differences next week with President Yushchenko and end a standoff over the president's dissolution of parliament. (UPI Photo/Sergey Starostenko)
Wiki

A constitutional court is a high court that deals primarily with constitutional law. Its main authority is to rule on whether or not laws that are challenged are in fact unconstitutional, i.e. whether or not they conflict with constitutionally established rights and freedoms.

The list in this article is of countries that have a separate constitutional court. Many countries do not have separate constitutional courts, but instead delegate constitutional judicial authority to their supreme court. Nonetheless, such courts are sometimes also called "constitutional courts"; for example, some have called the Supreme Court of the United States "the world's oldest constitutional court" because it was the first court in the world to invalidate a law as unconstitutional (Marbury v. Madison), even though it is not a separate constitutional court. Austria established the world's first separate constitutional court, conceptualised by Hans Kelsen, in 1920 (though it was suspended, along with the constitution that created it, from 1934 to 1945); before that, only the U.S. and Australia had adopted the concept of judicial review through their supreme courts.

Countries with separate constitutional courts include:

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Constitutional Court."
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