U.N. faults Syria for rights violations

U.N. faults Syria for rights violations

UNITED NATIONS, Feb. 23 (UPI) -- The United Nations Thursday accused the Syrian government of "gross human rights violations" constituting crimes against humanity.
Report: Arab Spring provoking backlash

Report: Arab Spring provoking backlash

WASHINGTON, Jan. 19 (UPI) -- Uprisings sweeping the Middle East are the most significant challenge to authoritarianism since the collapse of the Soviet Union, a pro-democracy group says.
Crimes abundant in Syria, monitor says

Crimes abundant in Syria, monitor says

BEIRUT, Lebanon, Jan. 19 (UPI) -- There are numerous signs that crimes against humanity are being committed in Syria, a former member of an Arab League monitoring team said.
EU imposing more sanctions on Syria

EU imposing more sanctions on Syria

DAMASCUS, Syria, Jan. 18 (UPI) -- Amid calls for tough measures against Syria over its crackdown on protesters, the European Union said it is planning further sanctions against the country.
London calls for united Syrian opposition

London calls for united Syrian opposition

LONDON, Jan. 18 (UPI) -- There is a "growing need" for Syrian opposition movements to unite under a common banner for the sake of eventual transition, the British government said.
Obama, Jordan's Abdullah meet

Obama, Jordan's Abdullah meet

WASHINGTON, Jan. 17 (UPI) -- President Barack Obama met with Jordanian King Abdullah in the White House Tuesday and said afterward the king has shown "great leadership" in the Middle East.

Syria 'surprised' by Qatar's call to arms

DAMASCUS, Syria, Jan. 17 (UPI) -- No more Arab blood should be spilled in Syria to serve a foreign agenda, the government said after rejecting a proposal for Arab military intervention.

Spy arrests expose Israeli penetration

BEIRUT, Lebanon, Jan. 17 (UPI) -- The arrest of a retired telecoms expert on suspicion of spying for Israel for 35 years has stunned Lebanon where 150 foreign agents have been arrested since 2009.
U.N. to review new draft Syria resolution

U.N. to review new draft Syria resolution

DAMASCUS, Syria, Jan. 17 (UPI) -- The U.N. Security Council received a new draft resolution from Russia on Syria opposing any firm action against the Assad regime, diplomats said.

Russian ship found off Turkey's coast

ISKENDERUN, Turkey, Jan. 16 (UPI) -- Turkish officials say the Russian vessel suspected of delivering arms to Syria against a European Union arms embargo has anchored off Turkey's coast.

Government forces kill 13 in Syria

DAMASCUS, Syria, Jan. 16 (UPI) -- Syrian government forces Monday killed at least 13 people, activists said, as Arab League officials appeared divided on whether to send troops to the country.
Syrian opposition puts death toll at 6,275

Syrian opposition puts death toll at 6,275

DAMASCUS, Syria, Jan. 16 (UPI) -- A Syrian revolutionary council claimed the death toll in the country tops 6,200 people since an uprising against the president began last March.

Israel fears Hezbollah targets top general

TEL AVIV, Israel, Jan. 16 (UPI) -- The Israeli military has tightened security around former chief of staff Lt. Gen. Gabi Ashkenazi amid fears that Hezbollah plans revenge attacks to mark the upcoming fourth anniversary of the assassination if its iconic military chief.

U.N. chief warns Syria is on 'a dead end'

BEIRUT, Lebanon, Jan. 15 (UPI) -- Five people were killed by a roadside bomb Sunday in Syria as the United Nations' chief demanded the Syrian government stop killing civilians.

Emir of Qatar: Send Arab troops to Syria

DOHA, Qatar, Jan. 14 (UPI) -- Arab troops should be used to "stop the killing" in Syria, Sheik Hamad bin Khalifa al-Thani, ruler of the oil- and gas-rich state of Qatar, told CBS News.
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Conflict in Syria

The 2011–2012 Syrian uprising is an ongoing internal conflict in Syria. It is a part of the wider Arab Spring which began in December 2010, a wave of social upheaval throughout the Arab World demanding greater political freedom and an end to autocracy. Public demonstrations began on 26 January 2011, and developed into a nationwide uprising. Protesters demanded the resignation of President Bashar al-Assad, the overthrow of the government, and an end to nearly five decades of Ba’ath party rule. The Syrian government deployed the Syrian Army to quell the uprising, and several cities were besieged.[31][32][33] According to witnesses, soldiers who refused to open fire on civilians were summarily executed by the Syrian Army.[34][35][36] The Syrian government denied reports of defections, and blamed "armed gangs" for causing trouble.[37] Beginning in Summer 2011, civilians and army defectors formed fighting units, which began an insurgency campaign against the Syrian regular army. Violent clashes took place across the country, increasing by the end of 2011, and the insurgents unified under the banner of the Free Syrian Army and fought in an increasingly organized fashion. The uprising in Syria has sectarian undertones, as the opposition is dominated by Sunni-Muslims, and the regime is dominated by Alawite Muslims.[38] Bashar al-Assad still receives support from parts of the Syrian population, for example minorities such as Alawites and many Christians, and parts of the Sunni upper and middle classes.[39] The Kurdish minority is split, with some supporting the uprising and others remaining neutral. The Syrian opposition denies that sectarianism plays a significant role in the uprising, and the Syrian government has yet to mention sectarianism. Verification of death-tolls and specific events have been hard to verify due to the Syrian government putting restrictions on foreign journalists. According to the UN and other sources, since the beginning of the uprising, up to 8,000 people, including 1,850–2,900 armed combatants, have been killed in total,[40][41][42][43] many more injured, and tens of thousands of protesters have been imprisoned. Over 400 children have been killed as well.[44][45] Another 400 children have been reportedly arrested and tortured in Syrian prisons.[46] Additionally, over 600 detainees and political prisoners have died under torture.[47] A global campaigning organization said in July 2011 that over 3,000 people have gone missing since the start of the uprising.[48][49] Since the beginning of the uprising, the Syrian government has given several concessions. On 21 April, emergency law in Syria was lifted after forty-eight years of enactment, which had granted the government sweeping authority to suspend constitutional rights. Furthermore, on 24 July, a draft law was introduced in parliament to allow for the creation of more political parties under the conditions that they were not based on religious, tribal or ethnic beliefs and did not discriminate against gender or race. However, these concessions were widely considered trivial by protesters demanding more meaningful reform.[50] The Arab League,[51] the European Union,[52] UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon,[53] the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation,[54] the Gulf Cooperation Council,[55] Turkey[56] and the United States, among others,[57] have condemned the use of violence against the protesters. However, military intervention has been generally ruled out by foreign powers.[58] The Arab League suspended Syria's membership over the government's response to the crisis,[51] but sent an observing mission as part of its proposal for peaceful resolution for the Syrian crisis. Al-Qaeda has voiced support for the uprising, and its Iraqi branch is believed to be operating against the regime. On the other hand, Russia and China have consistently vetoed UN resolutions targeting the Syrian government, fearing they will lead to violent regime-change and civil war. The government of Iran, Assad’s primary regional and political ally, suggested the demonstrations were a foreign plot,[59] and President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad has called for reforms and for both sides to reach an understanding, and stated that neither side has the right to kill others.[60] The Lebanese militia Hezbollah have voiced support for the Syrian government.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Conflict in Syria."
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