The almanac

UPI Almanac for Monday, April 22, 2013.
By United Press International
Genes of Longhorn cattle show long history

Genes of Longhorn cattle show long history

AUSTIN, Texas, March 26 (UPI) -- The iconic Texas Longhorn cattle have a hybrid ancestry that tells a story of global migration of both cattle and humans, biologists say.

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Friday, March 15, 2013.
By United Press International

UPI NewsTrack Science and Technology News

System gave warning of Calif. earthquake ... Ancient coin links China, East Africa ... Texas sees dwindling number of butterflies ... U.K. phone users get French connections ... Science and Technology news from UPI.
Ancient coin links China, East Africa

Ancient coin links China, East Africa

CHICAGO, March 13 (UPI) -- A 15th-century Chinese coin found in Kenya shows trade existed between China and east Africa decades before European explorers arrived, researchers say.

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Friday, Oct. 12, 2012.
By United Press International

Watercooler Stories

1,775-pound pumpkin wins Calif. weigh-off ... Car museum gives 'Chris' discounts ... Living room surrounds Columbus statue ... Street named for KKK member may be renamed ... Watercooler stories from UPI.

Car museum gives 'Chris' discounts

TACOMA, Wash., Oct. 8 (UPI) -- A Washington state car museum was giving visitors with "Chris" in their first or last name half-price admission for Columbus Day, the marketing director said.

Living room surrounds Columbus statue

NEW YORK, Oct. 8 (UPI) -- A Japanese artist is marking Columbus Day in New York by giving visitors an up-close view of a usually far-off Christopher Columbus statue.

Watercooler Stories

Sardinian family sets longevity record … Statue plans irk Italian-Americans … Florida's Rooster Parade returns … Breastfeeding dad denied group leadership … Watercooler stories from UPI.

Statue plans irk Italian-Americans

NEW YORK, Aug. 20 (UPI) -- Italian-American activists in New York are objecting to an artist's plans to enclose a Christopher Columbus statue in a model of a modern living room.

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Friday, Aug. 3, 2012.
By United Press International

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Wednesday, Aug. 1, 2012.
By United Press International

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Tuesday, July 31, 2012.
By United Press International

Climate cited as New World fire influence

SALT LAKE CITY, July 30 (UPI) -- Cooling climate, not population loss from disease, led to fewer fires in the New World in the years after Christopher Columbus' arrival, researchers say.
Page 2 of 11
Christopher Columbus
COL99070301 - 03 JULY 1999 - COLUMBUS, OHIO, USA: A replica of Christopher Columbus' flagship, the Santa Maria, is silhouted against 4th of July fireworks in Columbus, Ohio. An estimated 200,000 watched the fireworks display. iw/mw/Mike Williams UPI

Christopher Columbus (c. 31 October 1451 – 20 May 1506) was an explorer, colonizer, and navigator, born in the Republic of Genoa, in northwestern Italy. Under the auspices of the Catholic Monarchs of Spain, he completed four voyages across the Atlantic Ocean that led to general European awareness of the American continents in the Western Hemisphere. Those voyages, and his efforts to establish permanent settlements in the island of Hispaniola, initiated the process of Spanish colonization, which foreshadowed the general European colonization of the "New World".

In the context of emerging western imperialism and economic competition between European kingdoms seeking wealth through the establishment of trade routes and colonies, Columbus' far-fetched proposal to reach the East Indies by sailing westward received the support of the Spanish crown, which saw in it a promise, however remote, of gaining the upper hand over rival powers in the contest for the lucrative spice trade with Asia. During his first voyage in 1492, instead of reaching Japan as he had intended, Columbus landed in the Bahamas archipelago, at a locale he named San Salvador. Over the course of three more voyages, Columbus visited the Greater and Lesser Antilles, as well as the Caribbean coast of Venezuela and Central America, claiming them for the Spanish Empire.

Though Columbus was not the first European explorer to reach the Americas, having been preceded, five centuries earlier, by the Norse expedition, led by Leif Ericson, that established the short-lived colony of Vinland in what is now Newfoundland, Columbus' voyages led to the first lasting European contact with America and inaugurated a period of European exploration and colonization of foreign lands that lasted for several centuries and had, therefore, an enormous impact in the historical development of the modern Western world. Columbus himself saw his accomplishments primarily in the light of the spreading of the Christian religion.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Christopher Columbus."
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