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UPI Almanac for Saturday, March 15, 2014.
By United Press International
Not everyone thinks the U.S. should celebrate Columbus Day

Not everyone thinks the U.S. should celebrate Columbus Day

WASHINGTON, Oct. 14 (UPI) -- The observance of Columbus Day Monday in the United States is controversial as American Indians say the explorer's arrival marked a decline in their fortunes.

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UPI Almanac for Saturday, Oct. 12, 2013.
By United Press International

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UPI Almanac for Saturday, Aug. 3, 2013.
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UPI Almanac for Thursday, Aug. 1, 2013.
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UPI Almanac for Wednesday, July 31, 2013.
By United Press International

Parents worried about the fate of murals inside closing Chicago school

CHICAGO, June 7 (UPI) -- Parents and teachers at a Chicago elementary school set to close this year say they're concerned about the fate of two 100-year-old murals.

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UPI Almanac for Monday, May 20, 2013.
By United Press International

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UPI Almanac for Thursday, May 9, 2013.
By United Press International

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UPI Almanac for Monday, April 22, 2013.
By United Press International
Genes of Longhorn cattle show long history

Genes of Longhorn cattle show long history

AUSTIN, Texas, March 26 (UPI) -- The iconic Texas Longhorn cattle have a hybrid ancestry that tells a story of global migration of both cattle and humans, biologists say.

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UPI Almanac for Friday, March 15, 2013.
By United Press International

UPI NewsTrack Science and Technology News

System gave warning of Calif. earthquake ... Ancient coin links China, East Africa ... Texas sees dwindling number of butterflies ... U.K. phone users get French connections ... Science and Technology news from UPI.
Ancient coin links China, East Africa

Ancient coin links China, East Africa

CHICAGO, March 13 (UPI) -- A 15th-century Chinese coin found in Kenya shows trade existed between China and east Africa decades before European explorers arrived, researchers say.

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UPI Almanac for Friday, Oct. 12, 2012.
By United Press International
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Christopher Columbus (c. 31 October 1451 – 20 May 1506) was an explorer, colonizer, and navigator, born in the Republic of Genoa, in northwestern Italy. Under the auspices of the Catholic Monarchs of Spain, he completed four voyages across the Atlantic Ocean that led to general European awareness of the American continents in the Western Hemisphere. Those voyages, and his efforts to establish permanent settlements in the island of Hispaniola, initiated the process of Spanish colonization, which foreshadowed the general European colonization of the "New World".

In the context of emerging western imperialism and economic competition between European kingdoms seeking wealth through the establishment of trade routes and colonies, Columbus' far-fetched proposal to reach the East Indies by sailing westward received the support of the Spanish crown, which saw in it a promise, however remote, of gaining the upper hand over rival powers in the contest for the lucrative spice trade with Asia. During his first voyage in 1492, instead of reaching Japan as he had intended, Columbus landed in the Bahamas archipelago, at a locale he named San Salvador. Over the course of three more voyages, Columbus visited the Greater and Lesser Antilles, as well as the Caribbean coast of Venezuela and Central America, claiming them for the Spanish Empire.

Though Columbus was not the first European explorer to reach the Americas, having been preceded, five centuries earlier, by the Norse expedition, led by Leif Ericson, that established the short-lived colony of Vinland in what is now Newfoundland, Columbus' voyages led to the first lasting European contact with America and inaugurated a period of European exploration and colonization of foreign lands that lasted for several centuries and had, therefore, an enormous impact in the historical development of the modern Western world. Columbus himself saw his accomplishments primarily in the light of the spreading of the Christian religion.

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It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Christopher Columbus."
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