The almanac

UPI Almanac for Thursday, Oct. 31, 2013.
By United Press International

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Wednesday, Oct. 31, 2012.
By United Press International

Beijing denies knowledge of Taiwan spies

BEIJING, Oct. 30 (UPI) -- Beijing denied it is connected to the three retired Taiwan military officers arrested by Taiwanese police on charges of spying for mainland China.

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Monday, Oct. 31, 2011.
By United Press International

Former Unipresser Al Kaff dies

BRIDGEPORT, Conn., Oct. 27 (UPI) -- Former United Press International foreign correspondent and Vice President Albert E. Kaff has died in Bridgeport, Conn. He was 91.
Wen: China needs more democracy

Wen: China needs more democracy

BEIJING, Sept. 16 (UPI) -- China needs a greater dose of democracy, according to Premier Wen Jiabao, who retires from the job at the end of next year.

Dogs of War: The founding contractors

WASHINGTON, July 7 (UPI) -- While many commentators acknowledge that private military and security contractors are not mercenaries, some of them still contend that their use, both qualitatively and quantitatively, is a new phenomenon, something that emerged full blown from free market apostles like Ronald Reagan, George Bush (senior and junior) and Bill Clinton.

Taiwan president-elect wants China ties

TAIPEI, Taiwan, March 23 (UPI) -- President-elect Ma Ying-jeou said Sunday Taiwan can achieve a peace agreement with China by backing off independence claims.

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Wednesday, Oct. 31, 2007.
By United Press International

China raps Chen over vote on U.N.

BEIJING, June 13 (UPI) -- President Chen Shui-bian has called for a referendum that would allow the citizens of Taiwan to decide whether to join the United Nations.

Taiwan gears for KMT protest over memorial

TAIPEI, Taiwan, March 29 (UPI) -- Taiwan's government is gearing up for a protest by opposition Kuomintang to stop a plan to remove the walls surrounding the Chiang Kai-shek Memorial Hall.

Uproar over missing Chiang Kai-shek statue

TAIPEI, Taiwan, March 21 (UPI) -- A political uproar has been sparked in Taipei by the mayor's decision to have a statue of former dictator Chiang Kai-shek dismantled and moved.

Chiang's statue arrives in pieces

BEIJING, March 16 (UPI) -- The mayor of Tashi, China, wanted a statue of the late Nationalist leader Chiang Kai-shek to find a home in his birthplace of Zhejiang province.

Potted Taiwan cypress replaces Sun Yat-sen

TAIPEI, Taiwan, March 15 (UPI) -- A statue of Sun Yat-sen, the first president of Taiwan, has been replaced with a potted tree in the Taipei presidential offices.

Chiang Kai-shek may lose memorial hall

TAIPEI, Taiwan, Feb. 27 (UPI) -- Chiang Kai-Shek, the man who ruled China for more than 20 years and Taiwan for a quarter century, may be losing another monument.
Page 1 of 3
Chiang Kai-shek
First Lady of Nationalist China, Madame Chiang Kai-shek, is bid goodbye by well-wishers as she leaves the St. Francis Hotel in San Francisco on August 28, 1965 ending a five-day visit in the Bay Area. Mme Chiang Kai-shek was scheduled to depart San Francisco on the 27th for New York but due to tornado like storms in the Midwest, her departure was cancelled until tonight. (UPI Photo/Files)

Chiang Kai-shek (October 31, 1887 – April 5, 1975) was a political and military leader of 20th century China. He is known as Jiǎng Jièshí or Jiǎng Zhōngzhèng in Mandarin.

Chiang was an influential member of the Nationalist Party, the Kuomintang (KMT), and was a close ally of Sun Yat-sen. He became the Commandant of the Kuomintang's Whampoa Military Academy, and took Sun's place as leader of the KMT when Sun died in 1925. In 1926, Chiang led the Northern Expedition to unify the country, becoming China's nominal leader. He served as Chairman of the National Military Council of the Nationalist government of the Republic of China (ROC) from 1928 to 1948. Chiang led China in the Second Sino-Japanese War, during which the Nationalist government's power severely weakened, but his prominence grew. Unlike Sun Yat-sen, Chiang Kai-shek was socially conservative, promoting traditional Chinese culture in the New Life Movement and rejected western democracy and the democratic socialism that Sun Yet-sen and other left-wing members of the KMT embraced in favor of an authoritarian nationalist government.

Although Chiang's predecessor, Sun Yat-sen, was well-liked and respected by the communists, under Chiang's leadership the Nationalists soon engaged in a longstanding civil war with the Chinese Communist Party (CCP). Even after the Japanese invaded China, Chiang ignored this military threat to concentrate on a controversial campaign of systematic eradication of his political opponents—namely the communists. It was only with U.S. intervention that Chiang was forced to address the problem of the Japanese invasion and cooperate with the communists to drive the Japanese out. After the Japanese surrender in 1945, Chiang once again became embroiled in a bloody civil war with the Communist Party of China. Ultimately, with support from the Soviet Union and popular support from the largely rural Chinese population, the CCP defeated the Nationalists, forcing the Nationalist government to retreat to Taiwan, where martial law was imposed during a period known as the White Terror, and from where the government continued to declare its intention to take back mainland China. Chiang ruled the island securely as the self-appointed President of the Republic of China and Director-General of the Kuomintang until his death in 1975.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Chiang Kai-shek."
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