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1936 civil war's end observed in China

XIAN, China, Dec. 12 (UPI) -- China observed the 70th anniversary Tuesday of the Xian Incident, in which military leader Chiang Kai-shek was overthrown by the Communists.

The Almanac

UPI almanac for Tuesday, Oct. 31, 2006.
By United Press International

35th anniversary of 'Ping Pong diplomacy'

BEIJING, March 25 (UPI) -- A U.S. delegation is visiting China on the 35th anniversary of the trip by ping pong players that paved the way for normal relations between the countries.

Chiang Kai-shek statues to be removed

TAIPEI, Taiwan, March 21 (UPI) -- Taiwan President Chen Shui-bian reportedly has ordered the removal from military bases of statues of the late Nationalist leader Gen. Chiang Kai-shek.

The Almanac

Today is Monday, Oct. 31, the 304th day of 2005 with 61 to follow.
By United Press International

China to allow Taiwan tourism

BEIJING, May 21 (UPI) -- China has announced it will allow organized Chinese tour groups to visit Taiwan, the Washington Post reported Saturday.

China invites Taiwan's opposition leader

BEIJING, April 1 (UPI) -- Beijing has invited Taiwan's opposition leader, Kuomintang chairman Lien Chan, to visit mainland China, as relations warm between the former rival parties.

U.S. welcomes China-Taiwan flights

WASHINGTON, Jan. 29 (UPI) -- The United States Saturday welcomed the resumption of direct flights between China and Taiwan after a 55 year hiatus.

200,000 hit Taipei streets in rallies

TAIPEI, Taiwan, Dec. 6 (UPI) -- Rival political camps Sunday mobilised about 200,000 supporters to take to the streets in Taipei in the so-called "Super Sunday" rallies.

China opposes Taiwan curriculum changes

BEIJING, Nov. 17 (UPI) -- Taiwan's plans to revise history textbooks was denounced by China Wednesday as an attempt to promote the independence movement on the island.

The Almanac

Today is Sunday, Oct. 31, the 305th day of 2004 with 61 to follow.
By United Press International

Elton John insults Taiwanese reporters

TAIPEI, Taiwan, Sept. 23 (UPI) -- Elton John reportedly shouted insults at photographers and TV crews as they mobbed the British entertainer when he arrived in Taiwan for a concert.

Jordan wows fans in Taiwan

TAIPEI, Taiwan, May 22 (UPI) -- U.S. basketball legend Michael Jordan breezed through Taiwan Saturday on the fourth stop of his Asian tour to promote his name-brand sportswear.

Jockstrip: The world as we know it

After Thanksgiving dinner, it's estimated that approximately 30 million Americans will watch football.
ALEX CUKAN, United Press International

The Almanac

Today is Friday, Oct. 31, the 304th day of 2003 with 61 to follow.
By United Press International
Page 2 of 3
Photos
Chiang Kai-shek
First Lady of Nationalist China, Madame Chiang Kai-shek, is bid goodbye by well-wishers as she leaves the St. Francis Hotel in San Francisco on August 28, 1965 ending a five-day visit in the Bay Area. Mme Chiang Kai-shek was scheduled to depart San Francisco on the 27th for New York but due to tornado like storms in the Midwest, her departure was cancelled until tonight. (UPI Photo/Files)
Wiki

Chiang Kai-shek (October 31, 1887 – April 5, 1975) was a political and military leader of 20th century China. He is known as Jiǎng Jièshí or Jiǎng Zhōngzhèng in Mandarin.

Chiang was an influential member of the Nationalist Party, the Kuomintang (KMT), and was a close ally of Sun Yat-sen. He became the Commandant of the Kuomintang's Whampoa Military Academy, and took Sun's place as leader of the KMT when Sun died in 1925. In 1926, Chiang led the Northern Expedition to unify the country, becoming China's nominal leader. He served as Chairman of the National Military Council of the Nationalist government of the Republic of China (ROC) from 1928 to 1948. Chiang led China in the Second Sino-Japanese War, during which the Nationalist government's power severely weakened, but his prominence grew. Unlike Sun Yat-sen, Chiang Kai-shek was socially conservative, promoting traditional Chinese culture in the New Life Movement and rejected western democracy and the democratic socialism that Sun Yet-sen and other left-wing members of the KMT embraced in favor of an authoritarian nationalist government.

Although Chiang's predecessor, Sun Yat-sen, was well-liked and respected by the communists, under Chiang's leadership the Nationalists soon engaged in a longstanding civil war with the Chinese Communist Party (CCP). Even after the Japanese invaded China, Chiang ignored this military threat to concentrate on a controversial campaign of systematic eradication of his political opponents—namely the communists. It was only with U.S. intervention that Chiang was forced to address the problem of the Japanese invasion and cooperate with the communists to drive the Japanese out. After the Japanese surrender in 1945, Chiang once again became embroiled in a bloody civil war with the Communist Party of China. Ultimately, with support from the Soviet Union and popular support from the largely rural Chinese population, the CCP defeated the Nationalists, forcing the Nationalist government to retreat to Taiwan, where martial law was imposed during a period known as the White Terror, and from where the government continued to declare its intention to take back mainland China. Chiang ruled the island securely as the self-appointed President of the Republic of China and Director-General of the Kuomintang until his death in 1975.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Chiang Kai-shek."
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