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The almanac

UPI Almanac for Tuesday, Dec. 31, 2013.
By United Press International

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Monday, Dec. 31, 2012.
By United Press International

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Saturday, Dec. 31, 2011.
By United Press International

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Wednesday, Dec. 31, 2008.
By United Press International

Portrait identified as wrong royal

EDINBURGH, Scotland, June 20 (UPI) -- Art experts say a portrait in the Scottish National Portrait Gallery that is purported to be of Prince Charles Edward Stuart is actually of his younger brother.

Bonnie Prince Charlie token to be sold

EDINBURGH, Scotland, Feb. 12 (UPI) -- A ring supposedly used as a secret sign by supporters of Bonnie Prince Charlie is on the auction block in Scotland.

Scotland searches for Culloden children

EDINBURGH, Scotland, Jan. 19 (UPI) -- The National Trust for Scotland has begun a worldwide search for young people whose ancestors fought the 1746 Battle of Culloden.

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Monday, Dec. 31, 2007.
By United Press International

The Almanac

UPI almanac for Sunday, Dec. 31, 2006.
By United Press International

The Almanac

Today is Saturday, Dec. 31, the 365th and last day of 2005.
By United Press International

The Almanac

Today is Friday, Dec. 31, the 366th and last day of 2004.
By United Press International

The Almanac

Today is Wednesday, Dec. 31, the 365th and last day of 2003.
By United Press International

The Almanac

Today is Tuesday, Dec. 31, the 365th and last day of 2002.
By United Press International

The Almanac

Today is Monday, Dec. 31, the 365th and last day of 2001.
By United Press International
Wiki

Prince Charles Edward Louis Philip Casimir Stuart (31 December 1720 – 31 January 1788) commonly known as Bonnie Prince Charlie or The Young Pretender was the Jacobite pretender to the thrones of England, Scotland, and Ireland. This claim was as the eldest son of James Francis Edward Stuart, and grandson of James II and VII. Charles is perhaps best known as the instigator of the unsuccessful Jacobite uprising of 1745, where he led an insurrection which ended in a defeat at the Battle of Culloden that effectively ended the Jacobite cause. Charles's flight from Scotland after the uprising has rendered him a romantic figure of heroic failure in later representations.

Charles Edward Louis John Casimir Silvester Severino Maria Stuart was born in Rome, Italy, on 20 December 1720, where his father had been given a residence by Pope Clement XI. He spent almost all his childhood in Rome and Bologna. Prince Charles Edward was the son of the Old Pretender, James Francis Edward Stuart, son of exiled Stuart King, James II and his second wife Mary of Modena. His father was called the 'Pretender' because many believed he was not the King's true son—to those who feared a Catholic dynasty in England, his birth had seemed too convenient and was viewed with great suspicion.

His childhood in Rome was one of privilege, being brought up Catholic in a loving but argumentative family. Being the last legitimate heirs of the House of Stuart, his family lived with a sense of pride and staunchly believed in the Divine Right of Kings. The talk of regaining the thrones of England and Scotland for the Stuarts was a constant topic of conversation in the household, principally reflected in his father's often morose and combative moods.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Charles Edward Stuart."
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