Public school spending per student dipped in 2011

WASHINGTON, May 21 (UPI) -- Public school spending per student went down in 2011 for the first time since the Census Bureau began tracking it, the bureau said Tuesday.

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Friday, May 17, 2013.
By United Press International
U.S. housing starts drop, but permits issued rise

U.S. housing starts drop, but permits issued rise

WASHINGTON, May 16 (UPI) -- Residential home building starts dropped sharply in April, but permits for new projects rose soundly, the U.S. Department of Commerce said Thursday.

Migration will lead U.S. population growth, Census Bureau says

WASHINGTON, May 15 (UPI) -- Immigration is expected to be the principle driver of U.S. population growth by 2027, projections released Wednesday by the U.S. Census Bureau said.

Business inventories flat in March

WASHINGTON, May 13 (UPI) -- Business inventories were unchanged in March, while sales dropped 1.1 percent, the U.S. Census Bureau said Monday.

Retail sales up marginally in April

WASHINGTON, May 13 (UPI) -- Retail and food service sales rose marginally month-to-month to $419 billion in April, the U.S. Census Bureau said Monday.

4.1 million babies to have their first Mother's Day

WASHINGTON, May 10 (UPI) -- The U.S. Census Bureau said an estimated 4.1 million U.S. moms will be celebrating the Mother's Day holiday with babies born during the past 12 months.

U.S. wholesale inventories rose and sales dipped in March

WASHINGTON, May 9 (UPI) -- U.S. wholesale inventories rose by 0.4 percent in March to a seasonally adjusted $503.1 billion, the U.S. Census Bureau said Thursday.
Nearly 70 percent of Hispanic high school grads enrolled in college

Nearly 70 percent of Hispanic high school grads enrolled in college

WASHINGTON, May 9 (UPI) -- Nearly 70 percent of Hispanic high school graduates enrolled in college last fall, a higher rate than white U.S. students, Pew Research Center reports.

Census: Black voter participation topped white in 2012

WASHINGTON, May 9 (UPI) -- Black voters had a higher turnout than whites in the 2012 presidential election for the first time, a U.S. Census Bureau report says.

Factory orders fell in March

WASHINGTON, May 3 (UPI) -- Factory orders for U.S. manufactured goods dropped 4 percent in March, falling from an 11-year high, the Commerce Department said Friday.

Study: Number of new young moms rose sharply in 2011

WASHINGTON, May 1 (UPI) -- Sixty-two percent of women in their early 20s who had a child within the previous year in 2011 were unmarried, the U.S. Census Bureau reported Wednesday.

Construction spending declined in March

WASHINGTON, May 1 (UPI) -- Construction spending dropped 1.7 percent from February to March, the U.S. Census Bureau News reported Wednesday.

Only top 7% got richer; rest got poorer, study says

WASHINGTON, April 24 (UPI) -- Only the richest 7 percent of Americans got richer during the first two years of the economic recovery while the remaining 93 percent got poorer, a report says.

U.S. explains January oil sale to China

WASHINGTON, April 17 (UPI) -- Oil was sent from the United States to China in January but it wasn't of domestic origin, the U.S. Energy Department said.
Page 9 of 19
Census Bureau
WAP2000051601 - 16 MAY 2000- WASHINGTON, D.C. USA: Census Bureau director Dr. Kenneth Prewitt speaks at a press conference in Washington May 16. The census bureau reported today that one third of the houses which did not mail back a census form have been counted. mc/Mark Cowan UPI

The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title 13 U.S.C. ยง 11) is the government agency that is responsible for the United States Census. It also gathers other national demographic and economic data. As part of the United States Department of Commerce, the Census Bureau serves as the leading source of quality data about America's people and economy. It is the official "decennial" count of people living in the USA. The main reason for taking the census is to determine the number of seats each state is allowed in the House of Representatives. The agency director is a political appointee selected by the current President.

The Constitution of the United States (Article I, section II) directs that the population be enumerated at least once every ten years and the resulting counts used to set the number of members from each state in the House of Representatives and, by extension, in the Electoral College. The Census Bureau now conducts a full population count every 10 years in years ending with a 0 (zero) and uses the term "decennial" to describe the operation. Between censuses, the Census Bureau makes population estimates and projections. In addition, Census data directly affect how more than $300 billion per year in federal and state funding is allocated to communities for neighborhood improvements, public health, education, transportation and much more. The Census Bureau is mandated with fulfilling these obligations: the collecting of statistics about the nation, its people, and economy. The Census Bureau's legal authority is codified in Title 13 of the United States Code. In addition, the Census Bureau also conducts surveys on behalf of various Federal Government and local government agencies on topics such as employment, crime, health, consumer expenditures, and housing. Within the bureau, these are known as "demographic surveys" and are conducted perpetually between and during decennial (10-year) population counts. The Census Bureau also conducts economic surveys of manufacturing, retail, service, and other establishments and of domestic governments.

From 1790 to 1840, the census was taken by marshals of the judicial districts. The Census Act of 1840 established a central office which became known as the Census Office. Several acts followed revising and authorizing new censuses, typically around the 10 year intervals. In 1902 the temporary Census Office was moved under the Department of Interior, and in 1903 it was renamed the Census Bureau under the new Department of Commerce and the Interior. The department was intended to consolidate overlapping statistical agencies, but Census Bureau officials were hindered by their subordinate role in the department. An act around 1920 changed the date and authorized manufacturing censuses every 2 years and agriculture censuses every 10 years. In 1929, a bill was passed mandating that the House of Representatives be reapportioned based on the results of the 1930 census. In 1954, various acts were codified into Title 13 of the US Code.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Census Bureau."
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