Retail and food sales slipped in January

WASHINGTON, Feb. 13 (UPI) -- Retail and food-service sales dropped 0.4 percent in January to $427.8 billion, the U.S. Census Bureau said Thursday.

$17K wage gap between millennials with, without college degree

WASHINGTON, Feb. 11 (UPI) -- A new economic study finds younger Americans with a college degree earn on average $17,500 more per year than those with only a high school diploma.

Wholesale inventories rose modestly in December

WASHINGTON, Feb. 11 (UPI) -- U.S. wholesale inventories rose 0.3 percent in December on a seasonally adjusted basis, rising less than economists expected, the Census Bureau said Tuesday.

U.S. Census Bureau tracks Americans' computer use through 3 decades

WASHINGTON, Feb. 3 (UPI) -- America's -- and Americans' -- relationship with computers and the Internet has radically changed in the last 30 years, U.S. Census Bureau figures show.

Construction spending in 2013 topped 2012 by 4.8 percent

WASHINGTON, Feb. 3 (UPI) -- Construction spending for December pushed the year-to-date total to $898.4 billion, 4.8 percent above the total in 2012, the U.S. Census Bureau said Monday.

Packed week for economic reports includes U.S. employment data

NEW YORK, Feb. 3 (UPI) -- The week's economic calendar is packed with data releases, including the monthly U.S. employment situation report due Friday.

Economic reports: A packed week ahead

NEW YORK, Jan. 27 (UPI) -- The economic reports calendar is packed this week:

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Tuesday, Jan. 21, 2014.
By United Press International

One-quarter of adults have credentials other than college degrees

WASHINGTON, Jan. 16 (UPI) -- Over one-quarter of American adults hold a professional license or educational certificate other than a college degree, the U.S. Census Bureau said Thursday.
Crude oil higher with support from equities

Crude oil higher with support from equities

NEW YORK, Jan. 14 (UPI) -- Crude oil prices topped $92 per barrel Tuesday on the New York Mercantile Exchange with equities regaining some momentum on Wall Street.

Business sales outpace inventory gain

WASHINGTON, Jan. 14 (UPI) -- Business manufacturing and trade sales rose faster than inventories in November, the U.S. Census Bureau said Tuesday.

Retail in December slightly higher than expected

WASHINGTON, Jan. 14 (UPI) -- Retail and food-service sales rose one tick higher than expected in December, pushing the annual gain to 4.2 percent, the U.S. Census Bureau said Tuesday.

Economic reports focus on inflation this week

NEW YORK, Jan. 13 (UPI) -- Economic reports from Europe and the United States focus on inflation this week. Key price indexes are set for release every day but Friday.

New York woman angered by Negro race option on jury duty form

NEW YORK, Jan. 12 (UPI) -- A New York city teacher who reported for jury duty said she was angered by court paperwork she completed that included the option of a Negro race category.

U.S. wholesale inventories rose in November

WASHINGTON, Jan. 10 (UPI) -- U.S. wholesale inventories rose 0.5 percent in November on a seasonally adjusted basis to $516.4 billion, the Census Bureau said Friday.
Page 2 of 19
Census Bureau
WAP2000051601 - 16 MAY 2000- WASHINGTON, D.C. USA: Census Bureau director Dr. Kenneth Prewitt speaks at a press conference in Washington May 16. The census bureau reported today that one third of the houses which did not mail back a census form have been counted. mc/Mark Cowan UPI

The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title 13 U.S.C. ยง 11) is the government agency that is responsible for the United States Census. It also gathers other national demographic and economic data. As part of the United States Department of Commerce, the Census Bureau serves as the leading source of quality data about America's people and economy. It is the official "decennial" count of people living in the USA. The main reason for taking the census is to determine the number of seats each state is allowed in the House of Representatives. The agency director is a political appointee selected by the current President.

The Constitution of the United States (Article I, section II) directs that the population be enumerated at least once every ten years and the resulting counts used to set the number of members from each state in the House of Representatives and, by extension, in the Electoral College. The Census Bureau now conducts a full population count every 10 years in years ending with a 0 (zero) and uses the term "decennial" to describe the operation. Between censuses, the Census Bureau makes population estimates and projections. In addition, Census data directly affect how more than $300 billion per year in federal and state funding is allocated to communities for neighborhood improvements, public health, education, transportation and much more. The Census Bureau is mandated with fulfilling these obligations: the collecting of statistics about the nation, its people, and economy. The Census Bureau's legal authority is codified in Title 13 of the United States Code. In addition, the Census Bureau also conducts surveys on behalf of various Federal Government and local government agencies on topics such as employment, crime, health, consumer expenditures, and housing. Within the bureau, these are known as "demographic surveys" and are conducted perpetually between and during decennial (10-year) population counts. The Census Bureau also conducts economic surveys of manufacturing, retail, service, and other establishments and of domestic governments.

From 1790 to 1840, the census was taken by marshals of the judicial districts. The Census Act of 1840 established a central office which became known as the Census Office. Several acts followed revising and authorizing new censuses, typically around the 10 year intervals. In 1902 the temporary Census Office was moved under the Department of Interior, and in 1903 it was renamed the Census Bureau under the new Department of Commerce and the Interior. The department was intended to consolidate overlapping statistical agencies, but Census Bureau officials were hindered by their subordinate role in the department. An act around 1920 changed the date and authorized manufacturing censuses every 2 years and agriculture censuses every 10 years. In 1929, a bill was passed mandating that the House of Representatives be reapportioned based on the results of the 1930 census. In 1954, various acts were codified into Title 13 of the US Code.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Census Bureau."
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