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U.S. April retail sales rise 1.4 percent

WASHINGTON, May 12 (UPI) -- U.S. retail and food sales rose to an estimated $344.9 billion in April, a 1.4 percent increase from the previous month, the Census Bureau said Thursday.

Population gains predicted for Fla., Ariz.

WASHINGTON, April 21 (UPI) -- Florida is projected to overtake New York as the United State's third-most populated state, the U.S. Census Bureau said Thursday.

Florida tops fastest-growing county list

WASHINGTON, April 14 (UPI) -- Flagler County, Fla., is the fastest-growing county in the country, one of 14 Florida areas in the U.S. Census Bureau's list of 100 fastest-growing counties.

U.S. foreign-born population up 2.3 percent

WASHINGTON, Feb. 22 (UPI) -- The foreign-born population in the United States has increased 2.3 percent to more than 34 million people, the U.S. Census Bureau reported Tuesday.

Feds show a census of humor

EVERETT, Wash., Jan. 7 (UPI) -- Washington state's Bevis Lake has been renamed by the U.S. Census Bureau Butthead Lake, which has the locals going "heh, heh."

295,160,302 in U.S. at start of 2005

WASHINGTON, Dec. 28 (UPI) -- The Census Bureau estimated Tuesday that the United States would have a Jan. 1, 2005, population of 295,160,302 -- nearly 3 million more people than on Jan. 1, 2004.

New U.S. population total: 293.7 million

WASHINGTON, Dec. 22 (UPI) -- The population of the United States grew by 1 percent a year to an estimated 293.7 million people on July 1, the U.S. Census Bureau reported Wednesday.

California, Texas lead nation in SUVs

DALLAS, Dec. 2 (UPI) -- Sports utility vehicle registrations increased 56 percent between 1997 and 2002 with California and Texas leading the way, the Census Bureau reported Thursday.

Group praises Census Bureau policy change

WASHINGTON, Aug. 31 (UPI) -- The American Civil Liberties Union Tuesday hailed the U.S. Census Bureau's decision to stop giving data on "politically sensitive" groups to the government.

U.S. census bureau watching Arab-Americans

WASHINGTON, July 30 (UPI) -- The U.S. Census Bureau has given the Department of Homeland Security detailed demographic data on Arab-Americans, New York Times said Friday.

Record number of U.S. voters in 2002

WASHINGTON, July 28 (UPI) -- A record number of people participated in the 2002 off-year elections, the U.S. Census Bureau said Wednesday.

German most common ancestry in U.S.

WASHINGTON, June 30 (UPI) -- More U.S. residents cite Germany and Ireland as the homes of their ancestors than any other country or region, the U.S. Census Bureau reported Wednesday.

Commutes in big U.S. cities exceed 1 hour

WASHINGTON, Feb. 25 (UPI) -- The U.S. Census Bureau says the longest commute to work is New York City's, where it takes an average of 38.4 minutes to get to work.

Census tracks work and residence

WASHINGTON, Dec. 29 (UPI) -- The U.S. Census Bureau released a special file Monday that tracks where people live and work in America.

Census issues new U.S.-Arab pop. figures

WASHINGTON, Dec. 3 (UPI) -- Nearly 1.2 million people living in the United States claim Arab ancestry, the U.S. Census Bureau said Wednesday.
PETER ROFF, UPI Senior Political Analyst
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Photos
Census Bureau
WAP2000051601 - 16 MAY 2000- WASHINGTON, D.C. USA: Census Bureau director Dr. Kenneth Prewitt speaks at a press conference in Washington May 16. The census bureau reported today that one third of the houses which did not mail back a census form have been counted. mc/Mark Cowan UPI
Wiki

The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title 13 U.S.C. ยง 11) is the government agency that is responsible for the United States Census. It also gathers other national demographic and economic data. As part of the United States Department of Commerce, the Census Bureau serves as the leading source of quality data about America's people and economy. It is the official "decennial" count of people living in the USA. The main reason for taking the census is to determine the number of seats each state is allowed in the House of Representatives. The agency director is a political appointee selected by the current President.

The Constitution of the United States (Article I, section II) directs that the population be enumerated at least once every ten years and the resulting counts used to set the number of members from each state in the House of Representatives and, by extension, in the Electoral College. The Census Bureau now conducts a full population count every 10 years in years ending with a 0 (zero) and uses the term "decennial" to describe the operation. Between censuses, the Census Bureau makes population estimates and projections. In addition, Census data directly affect how more than $300 billion per year in federal and state funding is allocated to communities for neighborhood improvements, public health, education, transportation and much more. The Census Bureau is mandated with fulfilling these obligations: the collecting of statistics about the nation, its people, and economy. The Census Bureau's legal authority is codified in Title 13 of the United States Code. In addition, the Census Bureau also conducts surveys on behalf of various Federal Government and local government agencies on topics such as employment, crime, health, consumer expenditures, and housing. Within the bureau, these are known as "demographic surveys" and are conducted perpetually between and during decennial (10-year) population counts. The Census Bureau also conducts economic surveys of manufacturing, retail, service, and other establishments and of domestic governments.

From 1790 to 1840, the census was taken by marshals of the judicial districts. The Census Act of 1840 established a central office which became known as the Census Office. Several acts followed revising and authorizing new censuses, typically around the 10 year intervals. In 1902 the temporary Census Office was moved under the Department of Interior, and in 1903 it was renamed the Census Bureau under the new Department of Commerce and the Interior. The department was intended to consolidate overlapping statistical agencies, but Census Bureau officials were hindered by their subordinate role in the department. An act around 1920 changed the date and authorized manufacturing censuses every 2 years and agriculture censuses every 10 years. In 1929, a bill was passed mandating that the House of Representatives be reapportioned based on the results of the 1930 census. In 1954, various acts were codified into Title 13 of the US Code.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Census Bureau."
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