U.S. home sales regain footing, surge 18.6%

U.S. home sales regain footing, surge 18.6%

WASHINGTON, June 24 (UPI) --U.S. new home sales exceeded expectations in May, surging by 18.6 percent, the strongest pace in six years, according to the Census Bureau.
Ananth Baliga
Beijing's population now more than 21 million

Beijing's population now more than 21 million

BEIJING, June 20 (UPI) --New numbers released Wednesday by Beijing's municipal bureau show the city's population has exceeded 21 million.
Aileen Graef
Texas dominates Census list of fastest-growing U.S. cities

Texas dominates Census list of fastest-growing U.S. cities

WASHINGTON, May 22 (UPI) --Seven of the fastest-growing cities in the United States are in Texas, including three near the capital, Austin, the U.S. Census Bureau said Thursday.
Frances Burns
Officials in Washington county hit by Oso mudslide debate preventing future disasters

Officials in Washington county hit by Oso mudslide debate preventing future disasters

EVERETT, Wash., May 21 (UPI) --Officials in Snohomish County in Washington, hit by the deadly Oso mudslide, are debating how to prevent future disasters.
Frances Burns
Census Bureau: More people in U.S. are commuting by bicycle

Census Bureau: More people in U.S. are commuting by bicycle

WASHINGTON, May 9 (UPI) --The most- and least-educated workers in the U.S. are the ones most likely to commute by bicycle or foot, the U.S. Census Bureau says.
Frances Burns
3.7 million Americans with mental illnesses lack health insurance

3.7 million Americans with mental illnesses lack health insurance

WASHINGTON, April 8 (UPI) -- Some 3.7 million Americans suffering from serious mental illness, psychological pain and/or substance abuse problems are without health insurance.
Brooks Hays

U.S. trade deficit widens slightly in January

WASHINGTON, March 7 (UPI) -- The U.S. trade deficit rose to $39.1 billion in January from a revised $39.0 billion in December, the Commerce Department said Friday.

Economic reports due this week

NEW YORK, Feb. 24 (UPI) -- Economic reports for the week culminate in Friday's second estimate of the U.S. gross domestic product, which was pegged in the first estimate at 3.2 percent.

Woman allegedly kills 4 at meeting on Calif. Indian rancheria

CEDARVILLE, Calif., Feb. 20 (UPI) -- A woman began shooting Thursday at a meeting to discuss evictions from a small American Indian settlement in California, killing four people, police said.

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Thursday, Feb. 20, 2014.
By United Press International
Housing starts slid sharply in January

Housing starts slid sharply in January

WASHINGTON, Feb. 19 (UPI) -- Housing construction starts dropped sharply in January, the U.S. Commerce Department said Wednesday.

Valentine's revelers have more than 15,000 flower shops to choose from

WASHINGTON, Feb. 13 (UPI) -- The U.S. Census Bureau said Valentine's Day revelers seeking to impress a loved one have their pick of about 1,148 chocolate manufacturers and 15,307 florists.

Inventory build outpaces sales in December

WASHINGTON, Feb. 13 (UPI) -- Business manufacturing and trade sales rose in December, but slower than the inventory build, the U.S. Census Bureau said Thursday.

Retail and food sales slipped in January

WASHINGTON, Feb. 13 (UPI) -- Retail and food-service sales dropped 0.4 percent in January to $427.8 billion, the U.S. Census Bureau said Thursday.

$17K wage gap between millennials with, without college degree

WASHINGTON, Feb. 11 (UPI) -- A new economic study finds younger Americans with a college degree earn on average $17,500 more per year than those with only a high school diploma.
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Census Bureau
WAP2000051601 - 16 MAY 2000- WASHINGTON, D.C. USA: Census Bureau director Dr. Kenneth Prewitt speaks at a press conference in Washington May 16. The census bureau reported today that one third of the houses which did not mail back a census form have been counted. mc/Mark Cowan UPI

The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title 13 U.S.C. ยง 11) is the government agency that is responsible for the United States Census. It also gathers other national demographic and economic data. As part of the United States Department of Commerce, the Census Bureau serves as the leading source of quality data about America's people and economy. It is the official "decennial" count of people living in the USA. The main reason for taking the census is to determine the number of seats each state is allowed in the House of Representatives. The agency director is a political appointee selected by the current President.

The Constitution of the United States (Article I, section II) directs that the population be enumerated at least once every ten years and the resulting counts used to set the number of members from each state in the House of Representatives and, by extension, in the Electoral College. The Census Bureau now conducts a full population count every 10 years in years ending with a 0 (zero) and uses the term "decennial" to describe the operation. Between censuses, the Census Bureau makes population estimates and projections. In addition, Census data directly affect how more than $300 billion per year in federal and state funding is allocated to communities for neighborhood improvements, public health, education, transportation and much more. The Census Bureau is mandated with fulfilling these obligations: the collecting of statistics about the nation, its people, and economy. The Census Bureau's legal authority is codified in Title 13 of the United States Code. In addition, the Census Bureau also conducts surveys on behalf of various Federal Government and local government agencies on topics such as employment, crime, health, consumer expenditures, and housing. Within the bureau, these are known as "demographic surveys" and are conducted perpetually between and during decennial (10-year) population counts. The Census Bureau also conducts economic surveys of manufacturing, retail, service, and other establishments and of domestic governments.

From 1790 to 1840, the census was taken by marshals of the judicial districts. The Census Act of 1840 established a central office which became known as the Census Office. Several acts followed revising and authorizing new censuses, typically around the 10 year intervals. In 1902 the temporary Census Office was moved under the Department of Interior, and in 1903 it was renamed the Census Bureau under the new Department of Commerce and the Interior. The department was intended to consolidate overlapping statistical agencies, but Census Bureau officials were hindered by their subordinate role in the department. An act around 1920 changed the date and authorized manufacturing censuses every 2 years and agriculture censuses every 10 years. In 1929, a bill was passed mandating that the House of Representatives be reapportioned based on the results of the 1930 census. In 1954, various acts were codified into Title 13 of the US Code.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Census Bureau."
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