Official rejects Kosovo organ sale claims

GENEVA, Switzerland, April 6 (UPI) -- A man who once headed the United Nations mission in Kosovo said he does not believe human organs were illegally traded during his watch.
Haitian orphans arrive in France

Haitian orphans arrive in France

PARIS, Dec. 23 (UPI) -- More than 100 orphaned Haitian children will be with their new families in France in time to spend Christmas, officials said.
STL independent, France tells Beirut

STL independent, France tells Beirut

PARIS, Oct. 27 (UPI) -- The U.N.-backed Special Tribunal for Lebanon is an autonomous entity that should be free of external influence, the French prime minister said in Paris.

China to enter negotiations on sanctions

BEIJING, April 1 (UPI) -- China will take part in negotiations with other U.N. Security Council permanent members on new sanctions against Iran over its nuclear program, diplomats said.
France says no more troops to Afghanistan

France says no more troops to Afghanistan

LONDON, Jan. 29 (UPI) -- Foreign Minister Bernard Kouchner says France will not send more fighting troops to Afghanistan but could send some who can train police and army, CNN reported.

Iran: Reiss swap claims untrue

TEHRAN, Dec. 23 (UPI) -- An Iranian diplomatic official says Tehran has not offered a prisoner swap in exchange for French teaching assistant Clotilde Reiss.

French minister accused in plot on Camara

CONAKRY, Guinea, Dec. 10 (UPI) -- French leaders are denying reports from Guinea that France's foreign minister was involved in a plot to kill the leader of Guinea's ruling junta.
France says force not option for Iran

France says force not option for Iran

PARIS, Nov. 10 (UPI) -- The French foreign minister Tuesday dismissed a military option to resolve the Iranian nuclear crisis, saying resorting to force would be catastrophic.

Kouchner backs 15-10-5 for Beirut Cabinet

BEIRUT, Lebanon, Oct. 23 (UPI) -- The makeup of the next government in Lebanon should be in line with a power-sharing arrangement reached with top leaders, French officials said.
Israel bars French visit to Gaza

Israel bars French visit to Gaza

JERUSALEM, Oct. 21 (UPI) -- Israeli Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu has rejected a request by French Foreign Minister Bernard Kouchner to visit Gaza, an Israeli official said.

Karzai may not accept election recount

KABUL, Afghanistan, Oct. 18 (UPI) -- Afghan President Hamid Karzai's campaign hinted he may not accept results of a recount of votes from the August election.

Mediator in Guinea after deadly protests

CONAKRY, Guinea, Oct. 6 (UPI) -- Western African leaders sent a mediator to Guinea after dozens of pro-democracy demonstrators were killed by security forces last week, officials said.

France, Syria agree to improve ties

DAMASCUS, Syria, July 12 (UPI) -- The office of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad said Sunday the leader reached a deal aimed at improving ties between his country and France.

Kouchner: Israel divided on settlements

BEIRUT, Lebanon, July 11 (UPI) -- Disagreements within the Israeli government are preventing a plan to stop the building of Jewish settlements in the West Bank, France's foreign minister says.

Kouchner facilitating Lebanese government

BEIRUT, Lebanon, July 10 (UPI) -- Paris hopes to facilitate the development of the next Lebanese government but respects national sovereignty, the French foreign minister said.
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Bernard Kouchner
Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki (R) shakes hand with French President Nicolas Sarkozy while Foreign Affairs Minister Bernard Kouchner (L) and Interior Minister Michele Alliot-Marie (2-L) look on at the Elysee Palace in Paris on May 4, 2009. Talks between the leaders are expected to include armament of Iraqi Forces, investment, construction, trade and educational cooperation between both countries. (UPI Photo/ David Silpa)

Bernard Kouchner (born 1 November 1939 in Avignon) is a French politician, diplomat, and doctor. He is co-founder of Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) -- also known as Doctors Without Borders -- and Doctors of the World. From 2007 until 2010 he was the French Minister of Foreign and European Affairs in the right-wing Fillon government under president Nicolas Sarkozy, although he had been in the past a minister in socialist governments.

Born to a Jewish father and a Protestant mother, he began his political career as a member of the French Communist Party (PCF), from which he was expelled in 1966 for attempting to overthrow the leadership. On a visit to Cuba in 1964, Kouchner spent the night fishing and drinking with Fidel Castro. In the protests of May 1968, he ran the medical faculty strike committee at the Sorbonne. Kouchner has three children (Julie, Camille and Antoine) by his first wife, Évelyne Pisier, a professor of law, and one child, Alexandre, by his present wife Christine Ockrent, a television journalist. He worked as a physician for the Red Cross in Biafra in 1968 (during the Nigerian Civil War). He founded Médecins Sans Frontières (Doctors Without Borders) in 1971, and then, due to a conflict of opinion with MSF chairman Claude Malhuret, the Doctors of the World ('Médecins du Monde') in 1980. What made him co-found Médecins Sans Frontières was his experience as a physician for the Red Cross during the Nigerian Civil War that took place in Biafra, 1968. Kouchner worked as a humanitarian volunteer during the Siege of Naba’a refugee camp in Lebanon in East Beirut during the Lebanese Civil War taking risks that "other foreign aid workers weren’t, even worked closely with the Shia cleric Imam Musa al-Sadr."

From 1988, he began his government career in Socialist governments, though he was not always a member of the French Socialist Party. He became 'Secrétaire d'état', a lower position in the Cabinet, for Humanitarian Action in 1988, then Minister of Health in 1992, under Mitterrand's presidency. Later, he continued his political career in the European Parliament. Between 1993 and 1997, France was governed by right governments.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Bernard Kouchner."
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