A Blast From The Past

Today is Feb. 11. A young French girl, Bernadette Sourbirous, claimed on this date in 1858 that the Virgin Mary had appeared to her at Lourdes.
PENNY NELSON BARTHOLOMEW, United Press International

The Almanac

Today is Friday, Feb. 1, the 32nd day of 2002 with 333 to follow. The moon is waning, moving toward its last quarter.
By United Press International

The Almanac

Today is Wednesday, Jan. 30, the 30th day of 2002 with 335 to follow.
By United Press International

A Blast From The Past

Today is Jan. 30. The first attempt on the life of a U.S. president took place on this date in 1835.
PENNY NELSON BARTHOLOMEW, United Press International

A Blast From The Past

Today is Jan. 28. It was the U.S. space program?s worst disaster -- and indeed, the worst space tragedy ever.
PENNY NELSON BARTHOLOMEW, United Press International

Lebanese official: bin Laden is ET

BEIRUT, Lebanon, Oct. 23 (UPI) -- "Bin Laden is a non-territorial 'ET,' Extra-terrestrial," Lebanon's minister of culture told United Press International in an exclusive interview Tuesday, durin

The Bear's Lair: Cheap oil? Dream on!

WASHINGTON, Oct. 22 (UPI) -- My esteemed colleague at United Press International, Ian Campbell, wrote in a recent "GlobalView" column that he believed oil prices would trend down over the n
MARTIN HUTCHINSON, UPI Business and Economics Editor

Feature: On conversions of Muslims

WASHINGTON, Oct. 13 (UPI) -- Risking execution, citizens of strict Islamic countries are secretly converting to Christianity in increasing numbers, missionaries from various denominations t
UWE SIEMON-NETTO, UPI religion correspondent

Commentary: A fanatic's 14 features

TORONTO, Oct. 5 (UPI) -- We are told that terrorists are fanatics, but what are fanatics? Here's a primer:
Page 7 of 7
Ayatollah Khomeini
Iran's supreme leader Ayatollah Khamenei speaks during a ceremony marking of the 17th anniversary of Khomeini's death at his mausoleum in Tehran, Iran, June 4, 2006. A picture of late revolutionary founder Ayatollah Khomeini is seen at left. (UPI Photo/Mohammad Kheirkhah)

Grand Ayatollah Sayyed Ruhollah Mostafavi Moosavi Khomeini (Persian: روح‌اللّه مصطفوی موسوی خمینی, Persian pronunciation: , 22 September 1902 – 3 June 1989) was an Iranian religious leader and politician, and leader of the 1979 Iranian Revolution which saw the overthrow of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, the Shah of Iran. Following the revolution and a national referendum, Khomeini became the country's Supreme Leader—a position created in the constitution as the highest ranking political and religious authority of the nation—until his death.

Khomeini was a marja ("source of emulation", also known as a Grand Ayatollah) in Twelver Shi'a Islam, but is most famous for his political role. In his writings and preachings he expanded the Shi'a Usuli theory of velayat-e faqih, the "guardianship of the jurisconsult (clerical authority)" to include theocratic political rule by the Islamic jurists.

In the Muslim world abroad he was described as the "virtual face in Western popular culture of Islam," known for his support of the hostage takers during the Iranian hostage crisis and his fatwa calling for the death of British citizen Salman Rushdie. Khomeini has been referred to as a "charismatic leader of immense popularity," considered a "champion of Islamic revival" by Shia scholars.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Ayatollah Khomeini."
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