The almanac

UPI Almanac for Tuesday, Feb. 14, 2012.
By United Press International

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Wednesday Feb. 1, 2012.
By United Press International

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Monday, Jan. 30, 2012.
By United Press International
Muslims angered by Rushdie invitation

Muslims angered by Rushdie invitation

JAIPUR, India, Jan. 10 (UPI) -- Indian Muslims want the Jaipur Literary Festival to withdraw an invitation to Salman Rushdie, a writer who has angered many fellow Muslims.
Vaclav Havel, an appreciation

Vaclav Havel, an appreciation

PARIS, Dec. 19 (UPI) -- In a lifetime in journalism one meets many famous people and political leaders of great power and presence. But Vaclav Havel stands out as unique.
MARTIN WALKER, UPI Editor Emeritus

NYC florist was pen pals with Gadhafi

NEW YORK, Oct. 31 (UPI) -- An elderly Jewish New Yorker says he exchanged letters for decades with Moammar Gadhafi, the deposed Libyan dictator who was slain in October.

Iran threatens opposition groups

TEHRAN, June 4 (UPI) -- At a rally in Tehran, Iranian leaders have issued warnings against those in opposition to the government and working against the regime, observers say.

Iranian cleric reacts to Khomeini scandal

TEHRAN, Dec. 17 (UPI) -- An opposition cleric in Iran said the government was disrespecting the Islamic republic by exploiting the vandalism of pictures of Ayatollah Khomeini.
Rushdie doesn't regret writing 'Verses'

Rushdie doesn't regret writing 'Verses'

LONDON, Oct. 1 (UPI) -- Indian-British author Salman Rushdie said he doesn't regret writing "The Satanic Verses," a book so controversial he had to dodge death threats for years.
Rushdie wins apology from ex-bodyguard

Rushdie wins apology from ex-bodyguard

LONDON, Aug. 28 (UPI) -- Author Salman Rushdie reportedly has won an apology in London High Court from a former bodyguard who made false claims against him.
Rushdie considering book about fatwa

Rushdie considering book about fatwa

LONDON, July 29 (UPI) -- Indian-born British author Salman Rushdie says he is considering penning a book about the fatwa imposed upon him after he published "The Satanic Verses."

Egypt plans anti-Khomeini movie

CAIRO, July 16 (UPI) -- The Egyptian government, stung by an Iranian documentary on the assassination of Anwar Sadat, is sponsoring a movie criticizing Ayatollah Khomeini.

Commentary: Rainbow -- or Guns of August?

WASHINGTON, June 3 (UPI) -- Iran’s president renews his death threats against Israel -- but finds himself in hot water at home. His would-be successor speaks softly, but can he change the mullahs’ nuclear ambitions? The Israelis don’t think so.

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Tuesday, June 3, 2008.
By United Press International

Khamenei takes control

LONDON, April 1 (UPI) -- As parliamentary elections in Iran confirm a vast majority for the hard-liners in Iran, jostling seems to have already gained pace for Iran's presidential elections in 2009.
DAVID AMESS, UPI Outside View Commentator
Page 2 of 7
Ayatollah Khomeini
Iran's supreme leader Ayatollah Khamenei speaks during a ceremony marking of the 17th anniversary of Khomeini's death at his mausoleum in Tehran, Iran, June 4, 2006. A picture of late revolutionary founder Ayatollah Khomeini is seen at left. (UPI Photo/Mohammad Kheirkhah)

Grand Ayatollah Sayyed Ruhollah Mostafavi Moosavi Khomeini (Persian: روح‌اللّه مصطفوی موسوی خمینی, Persian pronunciation: , 22 September 1902 – 3 June 1989) was an Iranian religious leader and politician, and leader of the 1979 Iranian Revolution which saw the overthrow of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, the Shah of Iran. Following the revolution and a national referendum, Khomeini became the country's Supreme Leader—a position created in the constitution as the highest ranking political and religious authority of the nation—until his death.

Khomeini was a marja ("source of emulation", also known as a Grand Ayatollah) in Twelver Shi'a Islam, but is most famous for his political role. In his writings and preachings he expanded the Shi'a Usuli theory of velayat-e faqih, the "guardianship of the jurisconsult (clerical authority)" to include theocratic political rule by the Islamic jurists.

In the Muslim world abroad he was described as the "virtual face in Western popular culture of Islam," known for his support of the hostage takers during the Iranian hostage crisis and his fatwa calling for the death of British citizen Salman Rushdie. Khomeini has been referred to as a "charismatic leader of immense popularity," considered a "champion of Islamic revival" by Shia scholars.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Ayatollah Khomeini."
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