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Ex-Iranian intel officer says Iran, not Libya, behind Lockerbie attack

EDINBURGH, Scotland, March 11 (UPI) -- The 1988 Lockerbie jetliner bombing was payback for the U.S. Navy's downing of an Iranian airliner six months earlier, an ex-Iranian intelligence officer says.

Unlike Netanyahu, Israeli generals go along with Iran deal

TEL AVIV, Israel, Nov. 26 (UPI) -- Despite Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu's strident denunciations of the move toward a U.S.-Iranian rapprochement and efforts by the powerful pro-Israel lobby in Washington to undo the interim agreement reached in Geneva Sunday, influential former military and intelligence chiefs think otherwise.
WH: Additional Iran sanctions 'complicates' latest diplomatic effort

WH: Additional Iran sanctions 'complicates' latest diplomatic effort

TEHRAN, Nov. 26 (UPI) -- Imposing more sanctions against Iran before giving diplomacy a chance would "undermine our credibility" on the sanctions' goals, the White House said Tuesday.
Rouhani's election

Rouhani's election

HERNDON, Va., July 2 (UPI) -- Iranian President-elect Hassan Rouhani is likely to take nuclear discussions “back to the past.”
JAMES ZUMWALT, UPI Outside View Commentator
Eight days to shape Iran's future

Eight days to shape Iran's future

LONDON, June 14 (UPI) -- This month, two major events in the Iranian political calendar will take place only a matter of days apart: Iran's presidential elections began Friday and the largest gathering of Iran's opposition movement is to take place in Paris just eight days later.
MARK WILLIAMS, UPI Outside View Commentator
Polls open as six vie to become Iran's next president

Polls open as six vie to become Iran's next president

TEHRAN, June 14 (UPI) -- As millions of Iranians cast ballots in the country's presidential election, one candidate has been reaching out to reformists in recent days.
Iran: Khamenei the real winner in presidential election

Iran: Khamenei the real winner in presidential election

TEHRAN, June 13 (UPI) -- With the Revolutionary Guards poised to crash down on any political protests, Iran goes to the polls Friday in a presidential election in which the real winner will be the Islamic Republic's dour supreme leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei.

Political 'surgery' on the eve of Iranian elections

LUXEMBOURG, May 30 (UPI) -- The Iranian resistance is set to reiterate its demands for democratic change and a non-nuclear Iran in an upcoming grand gathering in Paris on June 22.
FIROUZ MAHVI, UPI Outside View Commentator

Predicting Iran's political future

LONDON, May 29 (UPI) -- The upcoming elections in Iran may signal the start of a process that will replace the ruling clerics.
MURIEL TURNER, UPI Outside View Commentator

What to make of Rafsanjani's disqualification

WASHINGTON, May 28 (UPI) -- The Iranian regime's presidential election took dramatic turns last week when the Guardian Council disqualified former President Ali Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani.
ALIREZA JAFARZADEH, UPI Outside View Commentator

Iran brushes off election criticism

TEHRAN, May 23 (UPI) -- U.S. statements on the Iranian election process show a profound misunderstanding of the country's political system, an Iranian Foreign Ministry spokesman said.
Top opposition candidate barred from Iran's presidential election

Top opposition candidate barred from Iran's presidential election

TEHRAN, May 22 (UPI) -- The leading opposition-backed candidate in Iran's presidential election was not on the list of eight candidates allowed to run, the Interior Ministry said.

Iran's Rafsanjani draws conservative criticism

TEHRAN, May 17 (UPI) -- Iranian presidential hopeful Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani has a history of making "huge" political mistakes, a conservative rival candidate contends.

Critics line up against Iran's Rafsanjani

TEHRAN, May 15 (UPI) -- The political record of Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani should be examined given his last-minute bid for president, his critics said.

Iran: 'The Shark' challenges regime in poll

TEHRAN, May 13 (UPI) -- The last-minute entry of Ali Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani into June's Iranian elections poses a major challenge to Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei.
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Photos
Ayatollah Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani
Chairman of the Experts Assembly and Iran's former President Ali Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani speaks during the inaugural session of a one-day seminar entitled 'National Unity, Strategies and Policies' in Tehran, Iran on November 12, 2007. Rafsanjani stressed unity as the main element of solving problems. (UPI Photo/Mohammad Kheirkhah)
Wiki

Ayatollah Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani (Persian: ‌اکبر هاشمی رفسنجانی Akbar Hāshemī Rafsanjānī), Hashemi Bahramani (هاشمی بهرمانی) (born August 25, 1934) is an influential Iranian politician, writer, who was the fourth President of Iran. He was a member of the Assembly of Experts until his resignation in 2011 (a deliberative body of Mujtahids that is charged with electing, monitoring, and dismissing the Supreme Leader of Iran). Despite his resignation from the Assembly of Experts, he continues to hold his position as the Chairman of the Expediency Discernment Council of Iran (an unelected administrative assembly that resolves legislative conflicts between the Majlis (Parliament) and the Council of Guardians).

Rafsanjani served as President of Iran from 1989 to 1997. In 2005 he ran for a third term in office, placing first in the first round of elections but ultimately losing to rival Mahmoud Ahmadinejad in the run-off round of the 2005 election. He was also elected as the Chairman of Iranian parliament in 1980 and served until 1989. In 1980, Rafsanjani survived an assassination attempt, during which he was seriously injured.

Rafsanjani has been described as a centrist and a "pragmatic conservative". He supports a free market position domestically, favoring privatization of state-owned industries, and a moderate position internationally, seeking to avoid conflict with the United States and the West.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Ayatollah Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani."
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