Spain drops law allowing prosecution of worldwide rights violations

MADRID, March 1 (UPI) -- The Spanish Parliament has adopted a new law that bars prosecutions for human rights violations abroad unless Spanish citizens are involved.
Chile's Bachelet faces big challenges on taxation, education reform

Chile's Bachelet faces big challenges on taxation, education reform

SANTIAGO, Chile, Dec. 19 (UPI) -- Michelle Bachelet, re-elected to a second term as Chilean president, faces major challenges seen likely to bring her into conflict with an entrenched and influential rich minority and businesses fearful of tax hikes.
Former president Michelle Bachelet wins Chile's presidential run-off

Former president Michelle Bachelet wins Chile's presidential run-off

Dec. 16 (UPI) --Socialist Michelle Bachelet, Chile's president from 2006 to 2010, is president again after winning the presidential run-off on Sunday.
JC Finley

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Tuesday, Dec. 10, 2013.
By United Press International

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Monday, Nov. 25, 2013.
By United Press International

Judge refuses to extradite 10 Chileans convicted of killing French

SANTIAGO, Chile, Nov. 5 (UPI) -- A Chile Supreme Court judge said she has rejected an extradition order for 10 Chileans convicted of killing four French citizens.

Chilean exile wins Pinochet-era torture case

SANTIAGO, Chile, Nov. 2 (UPI) -- A Chilean exile living in the United Kingdom has won a lawsuit for compensation for torture he suffered during the dictatorship of Gen. Augusto Pinochet.

Bachelet confident of return to Chilean presidency

SANTIAGO, Chile, Oct. 31 (UPI) -- Former Chilean President Michele Bachelet seems confident of winning back the presidency, taking office from incumbent Sebastian Pinera, but admits she faces a tough fight ahead on education reforms and poverty reduction.

Former Chilean spy chief commits suicide on leave from prison

SANTIAGO, Chile, Oct. 1 (UPI) -- The former head of the secret police under Chilean dictator Gen. Augusto Pinochet killed himself while on weekend leave from prison, officials say.

Sisters: Former Chilean Army chief tortured us as children

SANTIAGO, Chile, Sept. 26 (UPI) -- Three sisters in Chile say they were tortured by the former head of the army as children in 1973, shortly after the coup that brought Augusto Pinochet to power.

Chilean singer's family sues man they say killed him during 1973 coup

SANTIAGO, Chile, Sept. 6 (UPI) -- The family of Victor Jara, a Chilean folk singer who died in the country's 1973 military coup, has sued the ex-army officer who allegedly killed him.

U.N. raps Chile for using anti-terrorism laws in indigenous protests

SANTIAGO, Chile, July 31 (UPI) -- Chilean President Sebastian Pinera is under fire for allowing the country's counterterrorism legislation to be used against indigenous protesters fighting for ancestral land rights.

Two ex-Chilean navy officers guilty of torturing, killing priest

VALPARAISO, Chile, May 8 (UPI) -- Two former Chilean navy officers were found guilty of abducting, torturing and killing Chilean-born, British-raised Catholic priest Michael Woodward in 1973.

Poet Pablo Neruda's body exhumed

ISLA NEGRA, Chile, April 8 (UPI) -- The body of Nobel Prize-winning poet Pablo Neruda was exhumed from his grave in Chile Monday to determine whether he was killed by the Pinochet regime in 1973.

Pinera cash handout seen as a vote ploy

SANTIAGO, Chile, March 29 (UPI) -- Chilean President Sebastian Pinera pushed legislation in congress for a cash handout to 7 million poor seen by analysts as his center-right coalition's bid to counteract "the Bachelet effect."
Page 1 of 17
Augusto Pinochet
Chilean Minister of Defense Vivianne Blanlot (C) attends the funeral of Gen. Augusto Pinochet at the Military Academy in Santiago on December 12, 2006. Pinochet died Sunday at age 91 from heart complications. He ruled Chile from 1973 to 1990 after a military coup. (UPI Photo/Cristobal Arjona)

Augusto José Ramón Pinochet Ugarte (25 November 1915 – 10 December 2006) was a Chilean army general and leader of a military dictatorship that assumed power in a coup d'état on 11 September 1973. Among his titles, he was the Commander-in-Chief of the Chilean army from 1973 to 1998, president of the Government Junta of Chile from 1973 to 1974 and President of the Republic from 1974 until transferring power to a democratically elected president in 1990.

By early 1972, Pinochet was answering to General Chief of Staff of the Army. In 23 August 1973, he was ascended to Commander-in-Chief of the Chilean Army by president Salvador Allende. On 11 September 1973, Pinochet led a coup d'état which overthrew Allende's democratically elected socialist government. In December 1974, the military junta appointed Pinochet as President by a joint decree, with which Air Force General Gustavo Leigh disagreed. From the beginning, the government implemented harsh measures against its political opponents. According to various reports and investigations 1,200–3,200 people were killed, up to 80,000 were interned, and up to 30,000 were tortured by his regime including women and children. The new government also implemented economic reforms, including the privatization of several state-controlled industries and the rollback of many state welfare institutions. These policies produced what has been referred to as the "miracle of Chile", but the government policies dramatically increased economic inequality and some attribute the devastating effect of the 1982 monetary crisis in the Chilean economy precisely to these policies. Pinochet's economic policies were continued and strengthened by successive governments after 1990. Chile is now the best-performing economy in Latin America, though academics continue to dispute the legacy of Pinochet's reforms.

Pinochet's regime was given a legal framework through a highly controversial plebiscite in 1980, which approved a new Constitution drafted by a government-appointed commission. A plebiscite in 1988 (which saw 56% vote against continuing his presidency) led to democratic elections for the Presidency and Parliament. After peacefully stepping down in 1990, Pinochet continued to serve as Commander-in-Chief of the Chilean Army until 10 March 1998, when he retired and became a senator-for-life in accordance with the 1980 Constitution. In 2004, Chilean Judge Juan Guzmán Tapia ruled that Pinochet was medically fit to stand trial and placed him under house arrest. By the time of his death on 10 December 2006, about 300 criminal charges were still pending against him in Chile for numerous human rights violations, tax evasion and embezzlement during his 17-year rule and afterwards. Pinochet was accused of having corruptly amassed a wealth of US$28 million or more.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Augusto Pinochet."
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