Anthony M. Solomon (December 27, 1919 – January 18, 2008) was Undersecretary of the Treasury for Monetary Affairs during the Carter administration, and President of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York between 1980 and 1984. His affiliation with government service began with an appointment by John F. Kennedy to head an economic group scouting the Trust Territory of Micronesia in the early 1960s.
Born in Arlington, New Jersey, Solomon was educated at the University of Chicago, receiving an B.A. in economics in 1941. He later received his masters and doctorate degrees from Harvard University in, respectively, 1948 and 1950.
He served as Assistant Secretary of State for Economic Affairs in the Johnson administration between between 1965 and 1969, and again as Undersecretary of the Treasury for Monetary Affairs from 1977 to 1980. During the Carter administration he helped organize the freezing of Iranian assets following Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini's overthrow of Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi.