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The almanac

UPI Almanac for Thursday, Oct. 3, 2013.
By United Press International

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Wednesday, Oct. 3, 2012.
By United Press International
JFK library releases last recordings

JFK library releases last recordings

BOSTON, Jan. 24 (UPI) -- The last 45 hours of White House recordings during the John F. Kennedy administration were released, the JFK presidential library in Boston announced.

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Monday, Oct. 3, 2011.
By United Press International

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Friday, Oct. 3, 2008.
By United Press International

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Wednesday, Oct. 3, 2007.
By United Press International

The Almanac

UPI almanac for Tuesday, Oct. 3, 2006.
By United Press International

The Almanac

Today is Monday, Oct. 3, the 276th day of 2005 with 89 to follow.
By United Press International

The Almanac

Today is Sunday, Oct. 3, the 277th day of 2004 with 89 to follow.
By United Press International

The Almanac

Today is Friday, Oct. 3, the 276th day of 2003 with 89 to follow.
By United Press International

The Almanac

Today is Thursday, Oct. 3, the 276th day of 2002 with 89 to follow.
By United Press International

The Almanac

Today is Wednesday, Oct. 3, the 276th day of 2001 with 89 to follow.
By United Press International

The Almanac

Today is Wednesday, Oct. 3, the 276th day of 2001 with 89 to follow.
By United Press International
Photos
Andrei Gromyko
Andrei Gromyko, seen addressing the United Nations in New York on September 26, 1961. (UPI Photo Files)
Wiki

Andrei Andreyevich Gromyko (Russian: Андре́й Андре́евич Громы́ко; Belarusian Андрэ́й Андрэ́евіч Грамы́ка; July 18 1909 – July 2, 1989) was a Soviet statesman from the beginning to the end of the Cold War. He served as Minister of Foreign Affairs of the USSR from 1957 to 1985, and as Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet, or head of state, from 1985 to 1987. Gromyko was responsible for many top decisions regarding Soviet foreign policy. He retired in 1985 after being replaced by Mikhail Gorbachev as head of state. In the Free World he was given the nickname Mr. Nyet, literally meaning Mr. No.

Gromyko was born in the Belarussian village of Staryja Hramyki in 1909, to a Belarussian peasant family. When he filled 13 years, Gromyko went with his father to gather money for the family. After studying for seven years in the fields of vocational and technical in Gomel, he left for Moscow to continue his studies. In 1932 he graduated from the Minsk Institute of Agriculture and in 1936 from the All-Union Scientific Research Institute of Agricultural Economics in Moscow. Gromyko started working for the government in 1939, when he was employed in the Commissariat of Foreign Affairs (later renamed Ministry of Foreign Affairs). Four years later he became the Soviet ambassador to the United States; a office he'd hold until 1946 when he became the Soviets Permanent Representative to the United Nations. Upon his return to the Soviet Union he became Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs of the USSR, and later, First Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs of the USSR only to become the Soviet ambassador to the United Kingdom.

As Soviet Foreign Minister, Gromyko played a direct role in the Cuban Missile Crisis and personally met with President of the United States, John F. Kennedy, during the crisis. Gromyko helped negotiate arms limitations treaties, specifically the ABM Treaty, the Nuclear Test Ban Treaty and SALT I II among others. Under the leadership of Leonid Brezhnev, he helped construct the policy of détente between the superpowers and was active in drawing up the non-aggression pact with West Germany. After supporting Gorbachev during his nomination as General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, he was replaced as Minister of Foreign Affairs by Georgian Eduard Shevardnadze and instead made head of state. He was later forced to retire due to his conservative views during the Gorbachev era. He died the following year in Moscow on July 2, 1989.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Andrei Gromyko."
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