Dr. Prof. Anatoly Nikolayevich Perminov (born June 16, 1945 in the Kirovskaya oblast, Russia) is a Russian rocket scientist and a mechanical engineer. He is the current director of the Russian Federal Space Agency.
Anatoly Perminov graduated in 1967 from a military college with a degree in mechanical engineering, specializing in rocket engines. In 1976, he earned an advanced degree in Moscow from the Military Academy. In 1991 he again earned an advanced degree in Moscow from the Military Academy, after which he was appointed to the head of the Russian Department of Defense research test site. Here he organized the launch of hundreds of satellites and ICBMs. In August of 1993 he became the head of operations for missile weapons in the Strategic Missile Forces. He has been the director of Roskosmos since March of 2004.
Perminov has a PhD in engineering, and has authored more than 70 scientific papers and articles on space exploration. He is a professor of the Moscow Aviation Institute, where he chairs the institute's Operations of Launch Vehicles and Spacecraft department.