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Indian Supreme Court rules in favor of gender self-identification

Indian Supreme Court rules in favor of gender self-identification

NEW DELHI, April 15 (UPI) -- India's Supreme Court ruled Tuesday that citizens are free to self-identify their gender.
JC Finley
Chinese appellate court rejects Xu Zhiyong appeal

Chinese appellate court rejects Xu Zhiyong appeal

BEIJING, April 11 (UPI) -- A Chinese appellate court ruled Friday to uphold the four year prison sentence imposed in January on jailed human rights advocate Xu Zhiyong.
JC Finley
Amnesty International: Global executions on the rise

Amnesty International: Global executions on the rise

March 27 (UPI) -- Global executions surged with 778 executions in 22 countries resulting in a 15 percent increase after two decades of steady decline.
Aileen Graef
Egyptian court sentences 529 Morsi supporters to death for killing one police officer

Egyptian court sentences 529 Morsi supporters to death for killing one police officer

March 24 (UPI) -- An Egyptian court sentenced 529 members of the Muslim Brotherhood to death for murder and inciting violence during protests in August.
Aileen Graef
Pussy Riot members attacked in a McDonald's

Pussy Riot members attacked in a McDonald's

NIZHNY NOVGOROD, Russia, March 7 (UPI) -- Two members of the Russian activist group and punk band Pussy Riot were attacked while eating breakfast at a McDonald's, leaving them with injuries and burns.
Aileen Graef

DRC warlord Katanga charged with war crimes at ICC

THE HAGUE, Netherlands, March 7 (UPI) -- The International Criminal Court said Friday a DRC warlord, Germain Katanga, is guilty of one count of crimes against humanity and four counts of war crimes.

Report says Israel wounds, kills Palestinians as 'matter of policy'

LONDON, Feb. 27 (UPI) -- The killing and wounding of Palestinians in the West Bank by Israeli forces is carried out as "a matter of policy," Amnesty International charged Thursday.
Amnesty demands end of trial, release of Egyptian journalists

Amnesty demands end of trial, release of Egyptian journalists

CAIRO, Feb. 26 (UPI) -- An Egyptian military court trying two journalists should end their trial and free them immediately, human rights group Amnesty International said.

EU raps Russia for sentencing 2012 anti-Putin demonstrators

BRUSSELS, Feb. 25 (UPI) -- The European Union finds the sentencing of Russian anti-Putin activists to prison to be disproportionate, a spokesperson for policy chief Catherine Ashton said.

Seven Russian protesters given prison sentences

MOSCOW, Feb. 24 (UPI) -- More than 200 people, two members of Pussy Riot among them, were detained by Russian police Monday for protesting outside a courthouse.
Ugandan president signs tough anti-gay bill into law

Ugandan president signs tough anti-gay bill into law

KAMPALA, Uganda, Feb. 24 (UPI) -- Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni Monday signed into law a measure that toughens sentences for those convicted of engaging in homosexual acts.

Murder, terrorism charges dropped against opposition politician Lopez

CARACAS, Venezuela, Feb. 21 (UPI) -- Venezuelan prosecutors said they dropped the most serious charges against Leopoldo Lopez, the opposition political leader blamed for inciting deadly clashes.
Venezuelan president 'brutal,' U.S. leader says

Venezuelan president 'brutal,' U.S. leader says

WASHINGTON, Feb. 20 (UPI) -- The chairman of the U.S. Senate Foreign Relations Committee, Robert Menendez, said Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro is a "brutal and oppressive" leader.
Prince Charles performs traditional sword dance in Saudi Arabia [VIDEO]

Prince Charles performs traditional sword dance in Saudi Arabia [VIDEO]

RIYADHFeb. 19 (UPI) -- Prince Charles donned traditional garb for Riyadh's 17-day Janadriyah Festival.
Kate Stanton

Venezuelan opposition leader Lopez surrenders after street clashes

CARACAS, Venezuela, Feb. 19 (UPI) -- After street protests left four people dead, Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro appears ready to prosecute an opposition leader, court officials said.
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Wiki

Amnesty International (commonly known as Amnesty and AI) is an international non-governmental organisation which defines its mission as "to conduct research and generate action to prevent and end grave abuses of human rights and to demand justice for those whose rights have been violated." Founded in London, England in 1961, AI draws its attention to human rights abuses and campaigns for compliance with international standards. It works to mobilise public opinion which exerts pressure on individuals who perpetrate abuses. The organisation was awarded the 1977 Nobel Peace Prize for its "campaign against torture" and the United Nations Prize in the Field of Human Rights in 1978.

In the field of international human rights organisations (of which there were 300 in 1996), Amnesty has the longest history and broadest name recognition, and "is believed by many to set standards for the movement as a whole."

Amnesty International was founded in London in July 1961 by English labour lawyer Peter Benenson. According to his own account, he was travelling in the London Underground on 19 November 1960, when he read of two Portuguese students who had been sentenced to seven years of imprisonment for having drunk a toast to liberty. In his famous newspaper article The Forgotten Prisoners, Benenson later described his reaction as follows: "Open your newspaper any day of the week and you will find a story from somewhere of someone being imprisoned, tortured or executed because his opinions or religion are unacceptable to his government The newspaper reader feels a sickening sense of impotence. Yet if these feelings of disgust could be united into common action, something effective could be done."

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Amnesty International."
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