facebook
twitter
rss
account
search
search
Headlines

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Thursday, Feb. 20, 2014.
By United Press International

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Tuesday, Oct. 15, 2013.
By United Press International

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Wednesday, Feb. 20, 2013.
By United Press International

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Monday, Oct. 15, 2012.
By United Press International

Rutgers president blasts merger report

NEW BRUNSWICK, N.J., April 4 (UPI) -- The president of Rutgers University, New Jersey's state university, says Rowan University commissioned a secret report on merging with Rutgers-Camden.

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Monday, Feb. 20, 2012.
By United Press International

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Saturday, Oct. 15, 2011.
By United Press International

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Wednesday, Oct. 15, 2008.
By United Press International

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Wednesday, Feb. 20, 2008.
By United Press International

Partners in space -- Part 1

MOSCOW, Oct. 15 (UPI) -- October has brought welcome news. NASA administrator Michael Griffin, on a visit to Moscow, said he looked forward to Russians and Americans flying together to the Moon next decade. International projects, he said, were better paying than national ones.
YURY ZAITSEV, UPI Outside View Commentator

The almanac

UPI almanac for Monday, Oct. 15, 2007.
By United Press International

The Almanac

UPI almanac for Tuesday, Feb. 20, 2007.
By United Press International

The Almanac

UPI almanacs for Sunday, Oct. 15, 2006.
By United Press International

The Almanac

Today is Monday, Feb. 20, the 51st day of 2006 with 314 to follow.
By United Press International

The Almanac

Today is Saturday, Oct. 15, the 288th day of 2005 with 77 to follow.
By United Press International
Prev
Page 1 of 2
Photos
Alexei Kosygin
U.S. Secretary of State Henry Kissinger (L) joins President Richard Nixon and Russian leaders in a toast after the signing of agreements at the Kremlin on July 3, 1974 following a seven-day summit. The Soviets are (L-R) President Nikolai Podgorny, Communist Party Chairman Leonid Brezhnev and Premier Alexei Kosygin. (UPI Photo)
Wiki

Alexei Nikolayevich Kosygin (Russian: Алексе́й Никола́евич Косы́гин, Aleksej Nikolajevič Kosygin; February 20, 1904 – December 18, 1980) was a Soviet-Russian statesman from the start to the end of the Cold War. He served as Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the USSR from 1964 to 1980, and as Chairmen of the Council of Peoples' Commissars of the RSFSR, or Russian Premier, from 1943 to 1946. Kosygin was responsible for the economic administration of the Soviet Union, and for several relatively liberal reforms in areas of domestic and external policies. Kosygin retired in 1980 due to bad health and was replaced by Nikolai Tikhonov.

Kosygin was born in the Russian city of St. Petersburg in 1904 to a Russian working class family. He was conscripted into the labor army during the Russian Civil War, and after the Red Army's demobilization in 1921, left to work in Siberia as an industrial manager. He returned to Leningrad in the early 1930s, working his way up the Soviet hierarchy. During the Great Patriotic War (World War II) he was a member of the State Defense Committee and was tasked with moving Soviet industry out of territories soon to be overrun by the German military. In the aftermath of the war Kosygin served as Minister of Finance for a year before becoming Minister of the Ministries of Light Industry and Light and Food Industry. One year before his death in 1952 Stalin removed him from the politburo, purposely weakening Kosygin's position within the Soviet hierarchy.

After the power struggle triggered by Stalin's death in 1953, Nikita Khrushchev became the new leader. On March 20, 1959, Kosygin was made the new Chairman of the State Planning Committee (Gosplan), a post he held for little more than a year. But by that time Kosygin had become a First Deputy Chairman of the Council of Ministers. After Khrushchev was ousted as leader in 1964, Kosygin was made Premier and Leonid Brezhnev made First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. Kosygin, along with Brezhnev and Nikolai Podgorny, the Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, was part of the new "collective leadership" of the USSR. Kosygin became one of two major power players within the Soviet hierarchy, the other being Brezhnev, and was able to initiate the failed 1965 economic reform, usually referred to simply as the Kosygin reform. This reform, along with his more open stance on solving the Prague Spring, made Kosygin one of the most liberal members of the top leadership.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Alexei Kosygin."
Most Popular
1
Study: Lifestyle changes can cut heart attack risk by 80 percent Study: Lifestyle changes can cut heart attack risk by 80 percent
2
Antarctic fish have antifreeze in their veins Antarctic fish have antifreeze in their veins
3
Jessica Arrendale dies shielding daughter from boyfriend with gun Jessica Arrendale dies shielding daughter from boyfriend with gun
4
Jill Duggar, Derick Dillard enjoy romantic dinner date Jill Duggar, Derick Dillard enjoy romantic dinner date
5
Kelly Osbourne 'adrift' without Joan Rivers Kelly Osbourne 'adrift' without Joan Rivers
x
Feedback