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Rootless Cosmopolitan: Berlin Essentials

BERLIN, June 12 (UPI) -- It's easy to focus on the more avant-garde nature of Berlin, as was done in past Rootless Cosmopolitan columns, most notably the fashion, music and design aspec
RHONDA ROHRABACHER, Rootless Cosmopolitan

Washington Agenda-General

For content questions, call 202-898-8291
By United Press International

Health Tips

HEART GROUP WEIGHS IN ON FAT SUBSTITUTES
LIDIA WASOWICZ, UPI Senior Science Writer

Mystery of explosive heart drug solved

DURHAM, N.C., June 3 (UPI) -- Even though doctors have used the explosive nitroglycerin to treat heart pain for more than 130 years, how it works has remained a mystery until now, researchers announced Monday. Scientists have pinpointed the biochemical secrets behind this volatile dru

Stories of modern science ... from UPI

Putting a clock on Einstein's Theory of Relativity, taking a long look at organic farming, and other news from the frontiers of scientific research.

New array of male sex treatments unveiled

ORLANDO, Fla., May 28 (UPI) -- Within the next year or two, science may be able to replace sexual organs lost by men due to disease or trauma -- new organs that will function virtually like t
ED SUSMAN, UPI Science News

Hollywood Digest

Hollywood briefs for May 9, 2002.
PAT NASON, UPI Hollywood Reporter

Hot Buttons: Talk show topics

GOOD FOR BUSINESS?
By United Press International

Newton's cherished constant may not be

CAMBRIDGE, Mass., May 6 (UPI) -- A Russian physicist at Massachusetts Institute of Technology has announced experimental data that may topple one of science's most cherished dogmas -- that Newton's gravitational constant, famously symbolized by a large "G," remains constant wherever, whe

Old socialists look back on May Day

WASHINGTON, May 3 (UPI) -- A diverse group of former and current devotees of socialism shared their conflicting views of the legacy left behind by that political and philosophical movemen
CHRISTIAN BOURGE, UPI Think Tank Correspondent

Artist Richter's fame exceeds his talent

NEW YORK, May 2 (UPI) -- The large retrospective exhibition covering 40 years of work by Gerhard Richter at the Museum of Modern Art proves that this German painter's reputation as one
FREDERICK M. WINSHIP

Botulinum aids stroke, headache patients

DENVER, April 19 (UPI) -- Minute doses of one of the world's most deadly poisons -- botulinum toxin -- appear to help disabled stroke patients perform daily tasks, may prevent migraine headaches and can even calm trembling voices, researchers reported Friday.
ED SUSMAN, UPI Science News

Cold gas may model cosmos in lab

An exotic, ultra-cold gas named for two of the world's greatest physicists may allow scientists to recreate some of the greatest mysteries of deep space inside the comfortable confines of a laboratory. Named for Indian physicist Satyendra Nath Bose and
MIKE MARTIN, UPI Science Correspondent

The Almanac

Today is Thursday, March 14, the 73rd day of 2002 with 292 to follow. The moon is waxing, moving toward its first quarter.
By United Press International

Film of the Week: 'A Beautiful Mind'

LOS ANGELES, Jan. 3 (UPI) -- "A Beautiful Mind," which goes into wide release on Friday, is supposedly based on Sylvia Nasar's excellent biography of mathematician John F. Nash, who suffere
STEVE SAILER, UPI National Correspondent
Page 16 of 17
Photos
Albert Einstein
Albert Einstein, in a 1943 photo, probably taken in Princeton, NJ. (UPI Photo/Files)
Wiki

Albert Einstein ( /ˈælbərt ˈaɪnstaɪn/; German:  ( listen); 14 March 1879 – 18 April 1955) was a German-born theoretical physicist who developed the theory of general relativity, effecting a revolution in physics. For this achievement, Einstein is often regarded as the father of modern physics, and one of the most prolific intellects in human history. He received the 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics "for his services to theoretical physics, and especially for his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect". The latter was pivotal in establishing quantum theory within physics.

Near the beginning of his career, Einstein thought that Newtonian mechanics was no longer enough to reconcile the laws of classical mechanics with the laws of the electromagnetic field. This led to the development of his special theory of relativity. He realized, however, that the principle of relativity could also be extended to gravitational fields, and with his subsequent theory of gravitation in 1916, he published a paper on the general theory of relativity. He continued to deal with problems of statistical mechanics and quantum theory, which led to his explanations of particle theory and the motion of molecules. He also investigated the thermal properties of light which laid the foundation of the photon theory of light. In 1917, Einstein applied the general theory of relativity to model the structure of the universe as a whole.

He was visiting the United States when Adolf Hitler came to power in 1933, and did not go back to Germany, where he had been a professor at the Berlin Academy of Sciences. He settled in the U.S., becoming a citizen in 1940. On the eve of World War II, he helped alert President Franklin D. Roosevelt that Germany might be developing an atomic weapon, and recommended that the U.S. begin similar research; this eventually led to what would become the Manhattan Project. Einstein was in support of defending the Allied forces, but largely denounced using the new discovery of nuclear fission as a weapon. Later, together with Bertrand Russell, Einstein signed the Russell–Einstein Manifesto, which highlighted the danger of nuclear weapons. Einstein taught physics at the Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton, New Jersey, until his death in 1955.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Albert Einstein."
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