Sate-funded television network Russia Today reported that the ban went into effect Wednesday.
In addition to banning same-sex adoption, the decree also bans adoption by single adults from countries that have legalized same-sex marriage. There is concern, according to Russian lawmakers, that single adults seeking to adopt Russian children may turn out to be gay and then enter into a same-sex marriage once back in their home countries.
Prior to the Sochi Winter Olympics, Russian President Vladimir Putin spoke about homosexuality in Russia. "We don't outlaw anything and don't nab anyone. ... That's why you can feel safe and free here, but please leave our children in peace." In June 2013, the Russian parliament passed legislation that criminalizes telling children about gay equality.