The group, based in Houston, announced their goal at the NRA convention this week. Free guns have already been given away in Houston.
Kyle Coplen, the group's founder, plans to arm residents of middle- to high-crime areas, and wants to arm one fourth of the neighborhood. The group also aims to provide signs to let potential criminals know the areas are armed.
"It's our hypothesis that criminals do not want to die in your hallway. We think society should use that fear to deter crime," Coplen said.
The group is working to give shotguns away in cities with stricter gun laws, including Chicago. Its next targets include Tuscon, Detroit, Indianapolis and New York, and they hope to reach 15 cities by the end of 2013.
The Armed Citizen Project provides applications for citizens to take part in a firearms training program. Applicants must pass a background check, and if they are accepted, they receive a $200 weapon.