Lena Dunham won for her HBO show "Girls," described by the group as a "comedy-drama about the young and the feckless in New York," while Louis CK won for his FX comedy "Louie", a "serrated, boundary-testing take on being a single, showbiz dad," according to The Hollywood Reporter.
The 2012 HBO political drama "Game Change," which portrayed the 2008 Republican presidential campaign, also won an award. Julianne Moore won a Golden Globe and an Emmy for her portrayal of Sarah Palin in the film.
Other entertainment winners include "SNL" producer Lorne Michaels, who won a rare individual Peabody, and BBC's "Doctor Who" which won an institutional Peabody.
In journalism, Robin Roberts will take home an award for her "Good Morning America" feature "Robin's Journey" about her battle with cancer. ABC News will receive an award for their Hurricane Sandy coverage, and both CNN and NPR will be awarded for their coverage of the civil war in Syria.
On the web, United States Supreme Court resource SCOTUSBlog was also honored.
The Peabody Awards ceremony will be hosted by CBS Evening News anchor Scott Pelley on May 20.
Susan Sarandon 'very excited' about daughter's pregnancy
Dennis Rodman pledges to end trips to North Korea