The recalls Wednesday followed similar actions last week by Brazil and Ecuador, with Costa Rica and Uruguay considering a recall of their ambassadors as well.
Bolivia, which since 2009 has had no diplomatic relations with Tel Aviv, branded Israel a "terrorist state" and ended a visa exemption, in place since 1972, between the countries.
In Caracas, Venezuela, five of the six nations at the Mercosur economic summit issued a declaration condemning Israel's "disproportionate use of force" in Gaza and called for an immediate cease-fire. Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay, Venezuela and Bolivia signed the agreement; Paraguay did not.
A statement from Israel's Foreign Ministry Wednesday said, "Israel expects countries who oppose terrorism to act responsibly and not to hand terrorists a prize. El Salvador, Chile and Peru would have been much better advised to promote the international move intended to assist Israel in its efforts to defend innocent civilians and instate a durable cease-fire with the demilitarization of Gaza."
An Israeli spokesman referred to Brazil as a "diplomatic dwarf" after the recall last week.