Jewish leaders have reported an increase in violence against Jews across Europe, which began after Israel invaded Gaza last week, and anti-Jewish protest is attracting what Yakov Hadas-Handlesman, Israeli ambassador to Germany, called an "unholy alliance" of Islamists and neo-Nazis in an editorial Sunday in the Berlin newspaper Berliner Zeitung.
Pro-Palestininan protesters in a Paris suburb attacked a synagogue and smashed windows in Jewish-owned shops, reportedly setting one afire. Berlin police were called in to protect two tourists, one wearing a yarmulke, from a mob shouting threats. The chief rabbi of the Netherlands has seen stones thrown at his home twice, and 14 people were arrested in the German city of Essen on suspicion of planning an attack on the city's Old Synagogue.
German police began an investigation of an incident in which an imam, preaching in a Berlin mosque, allegedly urged Muslims to kill Jews.
French Prime Minister Manuel Valls called the attacks in France "intolerable."