Under the new law, those found guilty of "aggravated homosexuality" may face life in prison. Outreach to gays and lesbians may also result in prison time, a provision that could impact rights groups, as well as LGBT support service providers.
Kerry repeated his "deep disappointment" about the new legislation, and told Museveni "the decision complicates the U.S. relationship with Uganda."
Noting that the new law could threaten Uganda's LGBT community and inhibit access to HIV/AIDS health services, Kerry reiterated his hope that the president will work to "ensure the safety and protection of all Ugandan citizens."
The leaders also discussed the negative impact the Anti-Homosexuality Bill will have on tourism and foreign investment in Uganda.
Notable deaths of 2014 [PHOTOS]
Syrian Al Qaida group executes Lebanese soldier